Copyright, Randall D. Payne
Olympic National Park

National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal to thousands of electronic publications and videos, covering the history of the National Park Service and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System.

NPS centenial logo
NPS Centennial logo

While not affiliated with the National Park Service, our aim is to build on the legacy of the old NPS History e-Library. The information contained in this Website is historic in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official National Park Service Website for current information.

Throughout 2016, we have been presenting a series of monthly features which have explored various aspects of the history and evolution of the National Park Service. It was our hope that this information would strengthen the preservation and conservation of our historic and natural resources and would enlighten the American people to the importance of the heritage represented by the National Park System, as well as the agency that has been entrusted for the past 100 years to safeguard these national treasures.

In case you missed some of our monthly Centennial features, all of them can be found on our Centennial Web page.

NPS Centennial

Natural Resource Management in the National Park Service
Monthly Feature
Natural Resources
Featured Article
Notable Person
George Wright
Special Studies
Biological Research and Management in the National Park Service: A History
(Lowell Sumner, The George Wright Forum, Vol. 3 No. 4, Summer 1983)

Get The Facts, And Put Them To Work: Comprehensive Natural History Research Program For the National Parks (Howard R. Stagner, The George Wright Forum, Vol. 3 No. 4, Summer 1983)

A History of Natural Resources Management Within the National Park Service (Gordon Olson, 1986)

Revisiting Leopold: Resource Stewardship in the National Parks A Report of the National Park System Advisory Board Science Committee (August 25, 2012)

NPS Centennial
Notable Person
Polly Dyer
Historical Photographs
Badlands National Park
Natural History
I think we all agree that a national park is not merely scenery. A national park embodies something that cannot be found everywhere—it embodies history, a way of life, primitive experience, early environment. It has the elements capable of providing that lifting of the spirit for which modern civilization is willing to pay so much. A national park is specifically dedicated to these intangible and imponderable qualities. Above all, natural features in a national perk should have validity.

Olaus J. Murie
(From Quotes, 1966)

(From Miniature Portraits — Wildlife of our National Parks, c1940s)

(United States Railroad Administration, 1919)

New eLibrary Additions

Submerged Cultural Resources Study: USS Arizona Memorial and Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Paper No. 23 (Daniel J. Lenihan, ed., James P. Delgado, Bill Dickinson, Gary Cummins, Scott Henderson, Daniel A. Martinez and Larry E. Murphy, 2nd edition, 1990)

Preserving Washington Parklands and Wilderness (interview with Polly Dyer) and Protecting the North Cascades, 1954-1983 (interview with Patrick D. Goldsworthy) (interviewd by Susan R. Schrepfer and Ann Lage in 1983, The Bancroft Library, 1986)

Wildlife Management in the National Parks (Lowell Sumner, from talk given at Meeting of the Western Association of State Game and Fish Commissioners at Las Vegas, 1954)

Wildlife Conservation in Areas Administered by the National Park Service, 1930 to 1939 (Victor H. Cahalane, Clifford C. Presnall and Daniel B. Beard, extract from The Status of Wildlife in the United States, 1940)

Management Involving Grizzly Bears in Yellowstone National Park, 1970-72 NPS Natural Resources Report Number 7 (Glen F. Cole, 1976)

North American Migratory Birds and the National Park System: Some Interpretive Thoughts (Richard L. Cunningham, December 1988)

Bears in National Parks (January 1970)

Report of Committee on the Yellowstone Grizzlies (National Academy of Sciences, July 1974)

Evaluation of Bear Management in Yellowstone National Park, 1977 Research Note No. 8 (Mary Meagher, February 10, 1978)

Summary of Yellowstone Bear Protection and Management Policies (April 1977, rev. April 1979, June 1982)

Restoration of Natural Populations of Grizzly and Black Bears in Yellowstone National Park (Mary Meagher and Jerry R. Phillips, 1983)

A review of National Park Service bear management programs (A. Starker Leopold and Durward Allen, 1977)

The Fishery Policy and Proposed Management Objectives for the Natural Areas of the National Park System (1957)

Implementation of the Leopold Committee Report, "Wildlife Management in the National Parks" (September 22, 1967)

Natural vs. Man-Caused Deaths of Wild Animals in National Parks Information Paper No. 26 (Glen F. Cole, May 1975)

National Park Service Report of Wildlife Protection Needs Assessment (1991)

Wildlife Research Projects in National Park Service Areas extract from Proceedings Of The Second Park Naturalists Conference Held at Grand Canyon National Park — November 13-17, 1940 (November 1940)

Wildlife Conservation and Management in the National Parks and Monuments (October 1961)

The Lesson of National Rifle Association v. Potter (Frank Buono, November 1992)

A Critique of Wildlife Radio-Tracking and its Use in National Parks: A Report to the U.S. National Park Service (L. David Mech and Shannon M. Barber, February 6, 2002)

NPS employee survey on the effects of lead from hunting and fishing activities (August 2011)

Management of Overabundant Wildlife in National Parks (May 2007)

White-nose Syndrome Update (June 2011)

Plan for Assisting States, Federal Agencies, and Tribes in Managing Chronic Wasting Disease in Wild and Captive Cervids (June 26, 2002)

A National Park Service Manager's Reference Notebook to Understanding Chronic Wasting Disease Version 1 (Jenny Powers, November 15, 2005)

Deer Management in Cuyahoga Valley National Park: A Study of Local Residents' Attitudes Final Report (Erin M. Dougherty, David C. Fulton and David W. Lime, May 2001)

Bear-Human Conflict Management Plan, Denali National Park and Preserve (The Wildlife Team, June 2003)

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Prevention Plan Interim (May 9, 2001)

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Response Plan Interim (May 9, 2001)

Rapid Response to Insect, Disease & Abiotic Impacts: Procedures to Protect Forest Integrity in Units of the National Park System within Eastern Forests (2010)

Park Service does Not Release Asian Lady Beetles, Great Smoky Mountains National Park (undated)

National Park Service Areas that have been Identified as an Important Bird Area (undated)

Early Detection of Invasive Species, Surveillance Monitoring Field Guide (Jennifer S. Keefer, 2009)

Migrants across Air, Land, and Water: Framing Science to Achieve Conservation for National Park Lands (Joel Berger and Steve Zack, March 2010)

Managing Non-Native Plants and Animals in the National Park System: Analysis of Public Opinion (Frederic I. Solop, Kristi K. Hagen and David Ostergren, July 2004)

Conceptual Ecological Model for Management of Breeding Shrubland Birds in the Mid-Atlantic Region NPS Technical Report NPS/NER/NRR-2006/043 (Bruce Peterjohn, June 2006)

Bison Conservation Initiative, Bison Conservation Genetics Workshop: Report and Recommendations NPS Technical Report NPS/NRPC/BRMD/NRR-2010/257 (Peter A. Dratch and Peter J.P. Gogan, October 2010)

Special Initiative Project: Animal Disease Issues in the National Park System NPS Technical Report NPS/PNROSU/NRTR-93/16 (A. Alonso Aguirre, Donald Hansen and Edward Starkey, November 1993)

Mercury in Fishes from 21 National Parks in the Western United States—Inter- and Intra-Park Variation in Concentrations and Ecological Risk USGS Open-File Report 2014-1051 (Collin A. Eagles-Smith, James J. Willacker, Jr. and Colleen M. Flanagan Pritz, 2014)

Managing Oil Impacts on Birds (July 2010)

Managing Sea Turtles During the Oil Spill Response (July 2010)

H5N1 Pandemic Influenze Preparation and Response Plan (May 2006)

Park Flight and Migratory Bird Conservation (undated)

Pest Alert! Firewood: Threat from Invasive Beetles (undated)

Pest Alert! Sudden Oak Death & Goldspotted Oak Borer (August 1, 2011)

Quagga/Zebra Mussel Infestation Prevention and Response Planning Guide (May 2007)

A Critique of Wildlife Radio-Tracking and its Use in National Parks: A Report to the U.S. National Park Service (L. David Mech and Shannon M. Barber, February 6, 2002)

Rodent Exclusion Manual, Mechanical Rodent Proofing Techniques: a training manual for National Park Service Employees (Bruce Badzik, Carol DiSalvo, Danielle Buttke and Myron Chase, September 2014)

Black Bear Management Plan, Shenandoah National Park (2005)

Wildlife-Human Interactions in National Parks in Canada and the USA Social Science Research Review, Vol. 4 No. 1 (Alistair J. Bath and Jody W. Enck, Summer 2003)

Sustainable Pest Management: Guidelines for Cultural Resource Preservation (Katherine Mattor and Christopher Koziol, November 2006)

Emergency Prevention and Response Plan For Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia National Park Units and the Grand Portage Indian Reservation within the Lake Superior Basin (March 14, 2008)

Yellowstone Bison: Conserving an American Icon in Modern Society (P.J. White, Rick L. Wallen and David E. Hallac, eds., Yellowstone Association, 2015)

Fishing Regulations, Yellowstone National Park (February 2006)

The Yellowstone Lake Crisis: Confronting a Lake Trout Invasion A Report to the Director of the National Park Service (John D. Varley and Paul Schullery, eds., Yellowstone Center for Resources, 1995)

Forensic Evidence—Human Fatality along the Mary Mountain Trail of Yellowstone National Park on August 25, 2011 (Kerry Gunther, January 12, 2012)

Bear/Human Conflict Management Action Plan, Denali National Park and Preserve (June 1984)

Bear Management Plan for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (Draft 1975)

Black Bear Management Guideline, Great Smoky Mountains National Park (February 1993)

Black Bear Management in the National Park System in 1976 (Clifford J. Martinka, 1977)

Human-Bear Management Plan, Yosemite National Park (1975)

Summary of Bear Management Activities: 1964-1965, 1966-1967, 1967-1968, 1969-1971

Wildlife Inventory: 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968

Migratory Bird Watch: A National Park Service Research, Monitoring, and Interpretive Program on Migratory Birds (John Peine, Ted Simons and Richard Cunningham, September 29, 1988)

National Park Service Research on Exotic Species and the Policy Behind That Research: An Introduction to the Special Session on Exotic Species (John G. Dennis, 1980)

New Mexico State Game Commission vs. Udall, et al. excerpts from U.S. Department of the Interior Newsletters (Vol. 3 No. 22, October 31, 1968 and Vol. 4 No. 12, June 12, 1969)

Suggestions for a Generalied Snag Removal Policy Designed to Protect Wildlife NPS Information Circular (c1951)

White-tailed Deer Management in the National Parks Information Bulletin Update #2 (December 1991)

Winter Effects on Yellowstone's Wildlife (February 24, 1989)

A macroecological perspective on strategic bat conservation in the U.S. National Park Service (Thomas J. Rodhouse, Thomas E. Philippi, William B. Monahan and Kevin T. Castle, Ecosphere: An ESA Open Access Journal, v7(11), November 2016)

Holiday and Vacation Planning Guide to the federal parks of the Southwest: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas and the Navajo Reservation (1977)

Geologic Report, Canyon de Chelly National Monument Southwestern Monuments Special Report No. 20 (Vincent W. Vandiver, July 1937)

Grizzly Bear Mortality and Management Programs in Montana During 1972 (Kenneth R. Greer, January 30, 1974)

Behavior of Mountain Goats, Elk and Other Wildlife in Relation to U.S. Highway 2, Glacier National Park (Francis J. Singer, 1975)

Domain of the Cavemen: A Historic Resource Study of Oregon Caves National Monument 2nd edition (Stephen R. Mark, 2011), 1st edition (Stephen R. Mark, 2006)

Oregon Caves Chateau, Oregon Caves National Monument: Historic Structure Report (Alex McMurry, June 1999)

Homelands of the Siskiyou Divide: An Ethnohistory of American Indian Communities' Traditional Ties to Oregon Caves National Monument and Vicinity Pacific West Region Social Science Studies Publication No. 2008-02 (Douglas Deur, 2008)

Rim Drive Cultural Landscape Report, Crater Lake National Park, Oregon Pacific West Region: Social Science Series Publication No. 2009-01 (Stephen R. Mark and Jerry Watson, 2009

Washington's Channeled Scablands Washington Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin No. 45 (J. Harlen Bretz, 1959)

A History of National Park Service Clean-up Efforts at the Historic Coal Creek Mining District, Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/YUCH/NRR-2015/1099 (Chris Allan, December 2015)

Historic American Buildings Survey: Oregon Caves Chalet (HABS No. OR-146), Oregon Caves Chateau (HABS No. OR-145), Oregon Caves Historic District, Oregon Caves Ranger Residence

Arctic Citadel: A History of Exploration in the Brooks Range Region of Northern Alaska Historic Context Study for: Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Noatak National Preserve, Kobuk Valley National Park, Cape Krusenstern National Monument (Chris Allan, 2014)

Gold, Steel & Ice: A History of Mining Machines in Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve (Chris Allan, 2015)

Rivers, Trails & Conservation Assistance Alaska Region (undated)

Civilian Conservation Corps In Hawai'i: Oral Histories of the Haleakala Camp, Maui (Kathryn Ladoulis Urban and Stanley Solamillo, July 20, 2011)

Hawai'i, the Military, and the National Park: World War II and Its Impacts on Culture and Environment (William Chapman, et al., 2014)

Majolica from Excavations at San Xavier del Bac, 1968-1969 (Mark Barnes, extract from The Kiva, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1971; digital edition by permission of ©Arizona Archeological and Historical Society, 1971 - all rights reserved)

Mission Guevavi: Excavations in the Convento (William J. Robinson and Mark R. Barnes, extract from The Kiva, Vol. 42, No. 2, 1976; digital edition by permission of ©Arizona Archeological and Historical Society, 1976 - all rights reserved)

Parker's Revenge Archaeological Project, Minute Man National Historical Park, Lexington, Massachusetts (Margaret Watters Wilkes, Final Report for the Friends of the Minute Man National Park, October 2016)

Pāpahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Natural Resources Science Plan 2011-2015 (April 2011)

The Spirit of Ka-loko Hono-ko-hau: A Proposal for the Establishment of a Ka-loko Hono-ko-hau National Cultural Park (Hono-ko-hau Study Advisory Commission, 1974)

'Ai'opio Fishtrap Documentation, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Submerged Resources Center Professional Report No. 24 (Sami K. Seeb and Matthew A. Russell, 2007)

Site Bulletin: The Spirit of Kaloko — Building in the shadow of the past (undated)

He Wahi Mo'olelo 'Ohana No Kaloko Me Honokohau Ma Kekaha O Na Kona — A Collection of Family Traditions Describing - Customs, Practices, and Beliefs of the Families Andlands of Kaloko and Honokohau, North Kona, Island of Hawai'i (Kepa Maly and Onaona Maly, ©Kumo Pono Associations, April 1, 2002)

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Ainahou Ranch House and Gardens Cultural Landscapes Inventory, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (2004)
Hilina Pali 2005: The Civilian Conservation Corps, An Archeological Inventory Survey of the Hilina Pali Erosion Control Project of 1940 Pacific Island Network Publications in Anthropology 12 (Summer Roper and Jadelyn Moniz Nakamura, 2008)
Crater Rim Historic District Cultural Landscape Inventory, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (2006)
Goat Management Problems iin Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: A History, Analysis, and Management Plan NPS Natural Resources Report No. 2 (James K. Baker and Donald W. Reeser, 1972)
Goats in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park: A Story to be Remembered (W. Edwin Bonsey, undated)
Kealakomowaena: Life on a Lava Landscape, Part I Pacific Island Cluster Publications in Anthropology 15 (Jadely J. Moniz Nakamura and Mara Durst, 2011)
Keonehelelei — The Falling Sands, A Historical Overview and Archeological Survey of the Ka'u Desert Pacific Island Cluster Publications in Anthropology 2 (Jadelyn Moniz Nakamura, 2003)
Kilauea Administration and Employee Housing Historic District, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (2006)
Master Plan (1975)
"Giant of the Pacific": Mauna Loa Reconnaissance 2003 Pacific Island Cluster Publications in Anthropology 4 (Dennis Dougherty, 2004)
Superintendent Reports (1922-1949)

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Please note: is not affiliated with, nor endorsed by, the National Park Service (NPS). Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials presented. A huge debt of gratitude is extended to all NPS employees (current and former) and other park supporters who have graciously contributed their personal collections, thus enabling us to present these rather scarce documents for free public use.