NPSHistory.com

Copyright, Randall D. Payne
Crater Lake National Park


National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal to thousands of electronic publications and videos, covering the history of the National Park Service and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System.

The information contained in this Website is historic in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official National Park Service Website for current information. While not affiliated with the National Park Service, we gratefully acknowledge the contributions by park employees, along with park advocates, which has enabled us to create this digital repository.

Throughout 2016, we presented a series of monthly features which explored various aspects of the history and evolution of the National Park Service's first 100 years. In case you missed some of our monthly NPS Centennial features, all of them can be found on our Centennial Web page.

New eLibrary Additions

Honoring the Past, Inspiring the Future: 75th Anniversary National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day Commemoration, December 7, 2016 (2016)

Prehistoric Hunters and Gatherers The National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, Theme I (1960)

Realizing the Vision for the Second Century National Park Service Centennial Final Report (December 2016)

National Park Service Programs (September 2013)

Interactions of White-tailed Deer and Vegetation: Implications for Management and Research A Review Paper for the National Park Service (William F. Porter, September 1, 1990)

The Science of Overabundance: The Ecology of Unmanaged Deer Populations (Abstracts, 1994)

Deer Management Issue-Evolution in National Park Service Units in the Northeastern U.S.: Preliminary Insights from Natural Resource Managers (Kristen Leong, October 2004)

Studies of Bighorn-Burro Interactions in Death Valley: Progress Toward the Objectives Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit CPSU/UNLV No. 006/19 (Charles L. Douglas, October 1980)

Fossil Cyad National Monument: A History from Discovery to Deauthorization (Vincent L. Santucci and John M. Grist, from Dakoterra, v6, Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Fossil Resources, May 2014)

Fossil Point (Lake Clark National Park & Preserve): Alaska's "Jurrassic Park" for Middle Jurassic Invertebrate Fossils (Robert B. Blodgett and Vincent L. Santucci, from Dakoterra, v6, Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Fossil Resources, May 2014)

Rapid Prototyping of Paleontological Resources Facilitates Preservation and Remote Study (John R. "Jack" Rood and Vincent L. Santucci, from Dakoterra, v6, Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Fossil Resources, May 2014)

Fossils, Objects of Antiquity and the Antiquities Act (Vincent L. Santucci, from Ranger: The Journal of the Association of National Park Rangers, v22(n3), Summer 2006, ©ANPR)

An Overview of National Park Service Paleontological Resources from the Parks and Monuments in Utah UGA-28 (Vincent L. Santucci and James I. Kirkland, from Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments, 2010, ©Utah Geological Association, all rights reserved)

WWII Military Aircraft Incidents in National Park Service Units: A Preliminary Inventory (Adrian P. Hunt, Vincent L. Santucci and David Lassman, excerpt from Rethinking Protected Areas in a Changing World: Proceedings of the 2011 George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas and Cultural Sites, 2012; © The George Wright Society, all rights reserved)

Monitoring in situ paleontological resources (Vincent L. Santucci, from , 2009, ©, all rights reserved)

Early Discoveries of Dinosaurs From North America and the Significance of the Springfield Armory Dinosaur Site (Vincent L. Santucci, 2012)

Name-Bearing Fossil Type Specimens and Taxa from National Park Service Areas (Justin S. Tweet, Vincent L. Santucci and H. Gregory McDonald, from Fossil Record 5, 2016, ©New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 73, all rights reserved)

America's Antiquities: 100 Years of Managing Fossils on Federal Lands New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science Bulletin 34 (Spencer G. Lucas, Justin A. Spielmann, Patricia M. Hester, Jason P. Kenworthy and Vincent L. Santucci, eds. 2006, ©New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, all rights reserved)

Paleontological Resource Monitoring Strategies for the National Park Service (Vincent L. Santucci and Alison L. Koch, from Park Science, Vol. 22 No. 1, Fall 2003)

Interpreting a Billion-Year Record of Life Preserved Throughout the National Park System (Vincent L. Santucci, from Legacy, January/February 2011, ©National Association of Interpretation, all rights reserved)

Paleontological Resources Inventory (Public Version), Chickasaw National Recreation Area NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/CHIC/NRR-2016/1276 (Alysia S. Korn, Madison L. Armstrong, Vincent L. Santucci and Justin Tweet, August 2016)

Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Paleontological Survey NPS Technical Report NPS/NRGRD/GRDTR-04/01 (Alison L. Koch, Vincent L. Santucci and Ted R. Weasma, 2004)

Crossroads in Science, Intermountain Region Resource Management: 2013, 2014, 2015

Documenting the Paleontological Resources of National Park Service Areas of the Southern California Coast and Islands (Justin S. Tweet, Vincent L. Santucci and Tim Connors, extract from Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist, v7 n1, January 2014)

Geology and Paleontology Explorations and Resources at Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument (Fabian Hardy and Audrey Bonde, November 2015)

Final Report on Glacier Bay National Park & Preserve Paleontological Investigations of Robert B. Blodgett (Robert B. Blodgett, c2013)

Review and Annotated Bibliography of Feral Burro Literature Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NPS/WRUNLV/NRTR-93/3 D40 (Charles L. Douglas and Thomas L. Hurst, December 1993)

Special Initiative Project: Animal Disease Issues in the National Park System NPS Technical Report NPS/PNROSU/NRTR-93/16 (A. Alonso Aguirre, Donald Hansen and Edward Starkey, November 1993)

Animal Life Studies in the National Park System: A Referenced Database University of Idaho Cooperative Park Studies Unit (R. Gerald Wright, December 1991)

People, Human Behavior and Animals in Parks and Preserves: A Working Bibliography NPS Cooperative Park Studies Unit, Oregon State University CPSU/OSU-84-11 (M. Lee, D. Field and K. Schwarzkopf, 1984)

Field Guide for the Capture, Drug Immobilization, and Transportation of Wildlife, Shenandoah National Park (June 1989)

White-tailed Deer in Eastern Ecosystems: Implications for Management and Research in National Parks NPS Natural Resources Report NPS/NRSUNY/NRR-91/05 (William F. Porter, September 1991)

Ungulate Management in U.S. National Parks: The Results of a Survey NPS Nature Resources Technical Report NPS/NRUI/NRTR-95/15 (Elena Robisch and R. Gerald Wright, April 1995)

Role of Biological Control as a Management Tool in National Parks an Other Natural Areas NPS Technical Report NPS/NRUH/NRTR-90/01 (Donald E. Gardner, September 1990)

Wind and Mountain Climatology in Severe Environments: Denali National Park and Preserve
Average Winter and Summer Historical Temperature Trends: Mount Washington and Denali National Park HQ Site (©D.E. Glidden, March 2016, all rights reserved)
Summer Field Studies of Wind Variability in Denali National Park and Preserve (D.E. Glidden, December 1995)

Wind and Mountain Climatology in Severe Environments: Mount Washington
Average Winter and Summer Historical Temperature Trends: Mount Washington and Denali National Park HQ Site (©D.E. Glidden, March 2016, all rights reserved)
Mount Washington Trends in Average Station Pressure and Annual Wind Speed Occasional Paper (D.E. Glidden, April 2016)
Mount Washington Trends in Selected Climatological Variables Occasional Paper (D.E. Glidden, March 2016)
Mount Washington Wind Climatology: Recent Data Analysis and Historical Changes in Summit Sensor Location Occasional Paper (D.E. Glidden, 2007)
University of Massachusetts Climatological Research in the White Mountains, NH 1972-73 Selected Excerpts (D.E. Glidden, 2012)

North Cascades National Park Complex
A survey of bat species composition, distribution and relative abundance in North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Washington NPS Technical Report NPS/NOCA/NRTR-2003/01 (Roger G. Christophersen and Robert C. Kuntz II, July 2003)
A Survey of Northern Spotted Owls in North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Washington NPS Technical Report NPS/CCSONOCA/NRTR-96/05 (Robert C. Kuntz II and Roger G. Christophersen, December 1996)
A Terrestrial Vertebrate Inventory of the Stehekin Valley, Lake Chelan National Recreational Area (NPS Technical Report NPS/PNRNOCA/NRTR-93/010 (Robert C. Kuntz II and Reed S. Glesne, February 1993)
An archaeological investigation of the Galene Lakes area in the Skagit Range of the North Cascade Mountains, Skagit Valley Park, British Columbia (©Ian Chrisstian Franck, Simon Fraser University, April 2000)
An Ethnographic Overview and Assessment of North Cascades National Park Service Complex (Daniel L. Boxberger, 1996)
An Updated Summary Statement of the Archeology of the North Cascades National Park Service Complex (Robert R. Mierendorf, May 1998)
Accessible Recreation Opportunities (c2000)
Archeology of the Little Beaver Watershed, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Whatcom County, Washington (Robert R. Mierendorf, 2004)
Arthropod Investigations of the North Cascades National Park Service Complex: hemiptera: heteroptera, 1, 1997-1998 NPS Technical Report NPS/NRNOCA/NRTR/99-01 (John D. Lattin, May 1999)
Bear Management Plan, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Sedro Woolley, Washington (1975)
Bird Finding Guide (James Alt, March 2000)
Climbing Notes: 1995199619971998199920002001200220032004
Contested Terrain: An Administrative History of the North Cascades Complex (HTML edition) (David Louter, 1998)
Ecological Effects of Stock Trout in Naturally Fishless High Mountain Lakes, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, WA, USA (NPS Technical Report NPS/PNROSU/NRTR-95-03 (William J. Liss, Gary L. Larson, Elisabeth K. Deimling, Lisa Ganio, Robert Gresswell, Robert Hoffman, Mihaly Kiss, Gregg Lomnicky, C. David McIntire, Robert Truitt and Torrey Tyler, March 1995)
Ecological Effects of Stocked Trout in Naturally Fishless High-Elevation Lakes, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, WA, USA: Phase II (NPS Technical Report NPS/CCSOOSU/NRTR-98/01 (William J. Liss, Gary L. Larson, Torrey J. Tyler, Lisa Ganio, Robert Hoffman, Elisabeth K. Deimling, Gregg Lomnicky, C. David McIntire and Robert Truitt, April 1999)
Ethnography of the North Cascades (Allan H. Smith, 1988)
Geological Points of Interest in the Stehekin Valley (David Bean, c2001)
Glacier Monitoring Program: Progress Report (Jon L. Riedel, Andrew Fountain and Bob Krimmel, 2002)
Historic Resource Study, North Cascades National Park Service Complex (HTML edition) (Gretchen A. Luxenberg, 1986)
Impressions of the North Cascades: Essays about a Northwest Landscape (John C. Miles, ed., 1996)
Inventory of Crosscountry Recreational Impacts in the Ross Lake Watershed of North Cascades National Park (Jeff Miller, 1997)
North Cascades National Park Service Complex Northern Spotted Owl Inventory and Monitoring Program: 1995 Progress Report (Roger G. Christophersen and Robert C. Kuntz II, October 1, 1995)
North Cascades N.P. & Ross Lake N.R.A. & Lake Chelan N.R.A. History Basic Data (Erwin N. Thompson, 1970)
Terrestrial Riparian Arthropod Investigations In The Big Creek Research Natural Area, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, 1995-1996: Part I, Hemiptera:Heteroptera NPS Technical Report NPS/NRNOCA/NRTR/98-01 (John D. Lattin, November 1997)
Terrestrial Riparian Arthropod Investigations In The Big Creek Research Natural Area, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, 1995-1996: Part II, Coleoptera NPS Technical Report NPS/NRNOCA/NRTR/98-02 (James LaBonte, November 1998)
Terrestrial Riparian Arthropod Investigations In The Big Creek Research Natural Area, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, 1995-1996: Part III, Arachnida:Araneae NPS Technical Report NPS/NRNOCA/NRTR/98-03 (Reed S. Glesne, November 1998)
NOCA NRPP Amphibian Inventory, Bridge Creek Watershed: 1997 - Progress Report (Ronald E. Holmes and Reed S. Glesne, February 1998)
NOCA NRPP Amphibian Inventory, North Cascades National Park Service Complex: 1998 - Progress Report (Ronald E. Holmes and Reed S. Glesne, May 1999)
Research Catalog: A comprehensive manual of natural and cultural study opportunities within Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks (September 2000)
Resource Briefs:
Buckner Homestead Historic District (2011)Carnivores and Highways (2012)Cascade Pass Archeology (2011)Cascades Butterfly Project (2013)Cutthroat Trout Restoration (2011)Fire-dependent Ecosystems (2011)Fire Effects Monitoring (2011)Fuels Management (2011)Glaciers (2011)Grizzly Bears (2011)Historic Photograph Collection (2011)Landbirds (2011)Mountain Lakes Monitoring (2011)Mountain Lakes Restoration (2011)Pika (2011)Redside Shiners (2011)Soils (2011)Surficial Geology — Landform Mapping (2011)Water Quality (2011)Whitebark Pine (2011)Wolverines (2012)Wolves (2011)
Resource Management and Science Updates: 1998, 2001, May 2002, August 2002
Salmon of the Skagit River Watershed (Paula Ogden, December 1997)
State of the Wilderness, 1993 (Hugh Dougher, January 1994)
State of the Stephen Mather Wilderness, 1994 (Hugh Dougher, c1995)
Statistical Summary, 1995: Stephen Mather Wilderness (Hugh Dougher, January 1996)
Stephen Mather Wilderness, Statistical Summaries: 19931994199519971998199920001993-2000
Surveying for Spotted Owls on the east slope of North Cascades National Park Service Complex, 2007-2008 NPS Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/NCCN/NRTR-2009/184 (Rodney B. Siegel, Kevin E. Jablonski, Micah N. Scholer, and Robert L. Wilkerson and Robert C. Kuntz II, March 2009)
Surveying for Spotted Owls in the northeastern portion of North Cascades National Park Service Complex, 2009-2010: Report for the 2009 field season NPS Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/NCCN/NRTR-2010/334 (Rodney B. Siegel, Robert L. Wilkerson, and Kara D. Kuhlman and Robert C. Kuntz II, May 2010)
Surveying for spotted owls in the Upper Skagit watershed of North Cascades National Park Complex, 2009-2010 NPS Natural Resource Technical Report. NPS/NOCA/NRTR-2012/597 (Rodney B. Siegel, Robert C. Kuntz II, Robert L. Wilkerson, Kara D. Kuhlman and Michelle C. Toshack, June 2012)
Threatened and Endangered Species (c1998)
North Coast and Cascades Network landbird monitoring: Report for the 2013 field season NPS Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2014/691 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Patricia J. Happe, August 2014)
North Coast and Cascades Network landbird monitoring: Report for the 2015 field season NPS Natural Resource Report. NPS/NCCN/NRR-2016/1241 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Jason I. Ransom, June 2016)
The Wild Cascades: The Journal of the North Cascades Conservation Council (1959-2016)

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument
A Landscape of Memory, Uncovered (John F. Fiedor, c2000)
A Report to the National Park Service on the Significance, History of Investigation, and Salient Paleontological Features of the Upper John Day Basin, Wheeler and Grand Counties, Oregon (J. Arnold Shotwell, 1976)
Ancient Life and Landscapes (2000)
Clarno Nut Beds (undated)
Coyotes and Mule Deer of John Day Fossil Beds National Monument: A Management Report Cooperative Studies Unit Report 80-2 (Brad Griffith, 1980)
Floating in the Stream of Time - An Administrative History (1996)
Fossil Species List (partial) (2000)
Geology and Paleoenvironments of the Clarno Unit: John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (Erik A. Bestland and Gregory J. Retallack, June 28, 1994)
Geology Road Log (Painted Hills to Sheep Rock Visitor Center) (undated)
Indians of Eastern Oregon (Kathyrn Lee, 1977)
Major Turtle Cove Member (John Day Formation) (2000)
Raptors of John Day Fossil Beds Cooperative Studies Unit (Stewart Janes, 1977)
Rocks & Hard Places: Historic Resource Study (2000)
The Fossil Record / Paleonews
     Primate Molar Emerges From Fossil Beds (Jennifer Chapman, 1998)
     Prospecting at Sheep Rock (Jennifer Chapman, 1998)
     "Terminator Pigs" of Eastern Oregon (Ted Fremd, 1999)
     Entelodon Legacy (Tonia Seebart, 1999)
     Return to Rhino Hill (Delda Findeisen, 1998)
     Oregon Condor (Ted Fremd, 1996)
     Galloping Over the Graves of Their Ancestors (Ted Fremd, 1998)
     The Beast of Frank's Creek (Ted Fremd, 1998)
     Twickenham (Ted Fremd, 1998)
     Saber-toothed Salmon (Ted Fremd, c1998)



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Please note: NPSHistory.com is an independent effort; we are not an official partner of the National Park Service (NPS), though a huge debt of gratitude is extended to all NPS employees (current and former) and other park supporters who have graciously contributed their personal collections, thus enabling us to present these rather scarce documents for free public use. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials presented.