NPSHistory.com

Copyright, Randall D. Payne
Glacier National Park, Montana


National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal to thousands of electronic publications and videos, covering the history of the National Park Service and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System.

The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official National Park Service Website for current information. While not affiliated with the National Park Service, we gratefully acknowledge the contributions by park employees, along with park advocates, which has enabled us to create this digital repository.


New eLibrary Additions

Agency History

Message Project

     Communicating the National Park Service Mission (2001)

     The National Park Service and National Park System (2001)

     Samples: Booklets (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) • Brochures (1, 2, 3, 4) • Newsletters (1, 2) • Newspapers (1, 2) • Rack Cards (1) • Reports—Horizontal (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) • Reports—Vertical (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) • Site Bulletins (1, 2, 3)

Restoring Parks, Creating Jobs: How Infrastructure Restoration in the National Park System Can Create or Support Jobs (CADMUS group for The Pew Charitable Trusts, November 2017)

Proposed Parks

     Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Historical Report (March 1963)

     Old Stockade National Park, Georgia (1926-1929)

     Red Clay Cherokee Council Grounds, Georgia (1966)

     Roosevelt National Park, Georgia (1945)

Interpretation and Education

A New Education Mission for the National Park Service (Sarah G. Bishop and Robert Huggins, 1990)

National Parks and the Problem of our Environment (Raymond F. Dasmann, 1969)

Remarks of Russell E. Dickenson, Director, National Park Service, to the Association of National Park Rangers at the Ranger Rendezvous, Lake Tahoe (Russell E. Dickenson, October 22, 1981)

National Environmental Education Landmarks Program (1971)

Concerns and Recommendations Developed by Regional Chiefs of Interpretation at Cape Cod Workshop (1980)

A Prospectus for the Interpretation of Everglades National Park (Draft Copy, c1978)

1977/78 Season Training Agenda, Interpretation, Everglades National Park (1977)

Statement Prepared for Federal Executive Institute, Charlotsville, Virginia (George B. Hartzog, Jr., c1969)

Humanities and the National Parks — A Report (1994)

CIP Guide — Planner's Assistant (Richard Kohen and Kim Sikoryak, June 2001)

CIP Guide (Richard Kohen and Kim Sikoryak, June 2001)

Interp Guide (Richard Kohen and Kim Sikoryak, June 2001)

A Proposal — Reorganization of Interpretation in the Intermountain Field Area (October 7, 1994)

Theme Guide — Abstract (Richard Kohen and Kim Sikoryak, June 2001)

Theme Guide (Richard Kohen and Kim Sikoryak, June 2001)

Career Plan for National Park Service Interpreters (undated)

The Interpretive Challenge (1988)

Implementation Strategies: The Interpretive Challenge (April 1988)

The Interpretive Development Program (undated)

Intepretive Guideline — NPS-6 (April 1976)

Recommended Employee Development and Minimum Core Competencies for Interpreters (1986)

The Interpretive (R)evolution and Organizational Change (1994)

The Role and Responsibility of Interpretation in the National Park Service (May 1986)

Salesmen of Knowledge (undated)

Interpreting the Sky (Von Del Chamberlain, c1972)

Interpreting the Sky (Von Del Chamberlain, undated)

Ivory Tower Notes (Februar 20, 1980)

Hurrah For Good News (July 1, 1987)

Midwest Region Guidelines for Interpretive Skills Team (October 1987)

What Do Naturalists Do? (1967)

NEED: A National Park Service Program (1969)

NPCA and the NPS: A 70 Year Partnership (Annie Brittin and Bruce Craig, 1989)

Short Chronology of the Education Role of the National Park Service (2002)

Environmental Education in the National Park Service (October 25, 1979)

Report by Task Force for Curricular Review of NPS Interpetive Training Programs (1984)

The National Park Service Pledge of Public Service (undated)

Of Men and Drums (c1969)

The Ecologic Crisis in Environment (Sigurd F. Olson, c1967)

Black-White Ethnic Differences in Outdoor Recreation USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-249 (Randel Washburne and Paul Wall, 1980)

Assessment and Enrichment of Enviornmental Interpretive Services in National Park Service Areas of the Pacific Northwest Final Narrative Report (Paul H. Risk, 1972)

Preserving Our Heritage Draft (February 25, 1980)

Regional Chiefs of Interpretation Conference, Yellowstone National Park (June 1989)

Systematic Preparation of Themes, Goals, and Objectives (July 1985)

Wild Ideas are Welcome Here (George B. Robinson, June 6, 1983)

References and Resources for Individuals and Agencies Interested in Sky Interpretation (Vol Del Chamberlain, October 1972)

Revision of the National Park Service's Thematic Framework (1994)

Urban Parks and Interpretation (1987)

A Field Guide for Evaluation National Park Service Interpretation (Brett Wright and Marcella Wells, April 1990)

The Name of the Game: Thematic Interpretation (undated)

National Park Service Superintendents' Views on Interpretation and Education (Marc J. Stern, Bethany Mutchler and Robert B. Powell, June 2011)

Wayside Exhibits: A Guide to Developing Outdoor Interpretive Exhibits (1st ed., October 2009)

Using the 16 mm. Sound Projector (September 23, 1964)

Creative Design for Bulletin Boards (Gary and Sally Machlis, November 1974)

Connecting People to Parks: A Visitor Services Strategy for Northeast Region, National Par Service (2006)

History of the Educational Movement in the National Parks (Harold C. Bryant, undated)

Selecting Exhibit Themes for Park and Forest Museums: A Background Paper (Ralph H. Lewis undated)

Full Spectrum Visitor Services (Lea Wetterling and Vicki White, undated)

Interpretation in the National Parks (Edwin C. Alberts, address at Missouri Basin Inter-Agency Committee, June 18, 1963)

Where is Interpretation Heading in the National Park Service, 1965? incomplete scan (Wayne W. Bryant, address at Annual Meeting of the Association of Interpretive Naturalists, April 8-11, 1965)

Using Concepts in Our Interpretive Program (Russell K. Grater, undated)

An Interpretive Planning Primer (undated)

Elements of an Interim Interpretive Plan (undated)

Interpretive Planning Handbook Preliminary Draft (1965)

Interpretive Planning Handbook (1982)

Elements of an Interpretive Prospectus (undated)

The Role and Responsibility of Interpretation in the 1980s (undated)

New Trends in Interpretation or Environment, The Only Game in Town (William C. Everhart, address at Rocky Mountain-High Plains Park and Recreation Conference, February 27, 1969)

Interpreting Biological Diversity in the National Park System: A National Park Service Interpretive Initiative Plan (April 1988)

Interpretive Text Writing: Signs and Wayside Exhibit (August 1960)

Ivory Tower Notes (Dave Dame, January 28, 1986)

Getting to Know Wildland Fire: A Teacher's Guide to Fire Ecology in the Northern Rocky Mountains (Ellen Petrick-Underwood, 1990)

Making Interpretation Fit (Thomas E. White, undated)

Learning & Development Report to the National Leadership Council (February 29, 2008)

No Jokes, Please (July 8, 1964)

Preservation and Interpretation (Marcella Sherfy, address at Midwest Region Superintendents' Conference, November 5, 1975)

Renewing Our Education Mission: Report to the National Leadership Council (June 2003)

History of NPS Visual Identity (March 10, 2015)

"Writing for Ear" (September 23, 1964)

Visitor Observation for Interpretation (Valeen Silvy and John Hanna, January 1979)

Policies Affecting Interpretation (Lowell Sumner and Orthello L. Wallis, November 15, 1963)

Biological Diversity Makes a World of Difference: A Curriculum for Teachers and Interpreters (undated)

Chronology (undated)

Interpretation in Resource Management and Visitor Protection (Rick Smith, undated)

Tips on Using the Interpretation Training Package (Michael W. Cronin and Roy Graybill, rev. ed. 1975)

Interpretive Activity Inventory Instructional Handbook for Mt. Rainier (Donald R. Field and James H. Gramann, c1978)

A Guide to Implementing the Receptive Mode (Arthur Deikman, 1976)

Exploring the Real Thing: A Guide to Educational Programs at National Park Sites in Massachusetts (Rae Emerson, Elizabeth Hoermann and Liza Stearns, 2nd ed. 2001)

Exploring the Real Thing: A Guide to Educational Programs at National Park Sites in New York and New Jersey (December 2003)

Exploring the Real Thing — A Statewide Guide to Curriculum-based Programs at National Park Sites: Massachusetts and Virginia (1999)

A Long-Range Vision for Education and Interpretation, Denali National Park and Preserve Education Plan (undated)

Long-Range Interpretive Plan, Katmai National Park and Preserve, Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve, Alagnak Wild River (December 2009)

Discovering the Underground Railroad: Junior Ranger Activity Book (undated)

Junior Ranger Activity Book (Ages 6 and under), Carlsbad Caverns National Park (undated)

Junior Ranger Activity Book (Ages 7-12), Carlsbad Caverns National Park (undated)

Junior Ranger Activity Book, Women's Rights National Historical Park (undated)

Junior Ranger & Activity Book, Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve (undated)

Junior Ranger & Activity Book, Alcatraz Island (undated)


Park Histories

Creation of Grand Teton National Park (Jackie Skaggs, January 2000)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Great Sand Dunes National Park & Preserve NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR-2006/011 (March 2006)

Geologic map of Great Sand Dunes National Park, Colorado USGS Scientific Investigations Map 3362 (Richard F. Madole, D. Paco VanSistine and Joseph H. Romig, 2016)

An Unbroken Historical Records: Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve, Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (Laura McKinley, 1993)

Navajo National Monument: Place and Its People, An Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professioanl Papers No. 40 (Hal K. Rothman, 1991)

Story of a House (Don E. Dumond, October 2008)

Visitor Study, Olympic National Park, Summer 2000 Visitor Services Project Report 121 (Chad Van Ormer, Margaret Littlejohn and James H. Gramann, May 2001)

Visitor Study, Yosemite National Park, Summer 2009 Visitor Services Project Report 215 (Ariel Blotkamp, Bret Meldrum, Wayde Morse and Steven J. Hollenhorst, April 2010)

Level II Cultural Landscape Inventory, Pleasant Creek Settlements: Floral Ranch and Sleeping Rainbow Ranch, Capitol Reef National Park (2002)

Resource Management Records Finding Aid, Chaco Culture National Historical Park (2009-2010)

Effects of Winter Recreation on Wildlife of the Greater Yellowstone Area: A Literature Review and Assessment (Greater Yellowstone Winter Wildlife Working Group, October 1999)

Protection of Native Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout in Yellowstone Lake — Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming NPS Technical Report NPS/NRWRD/NRTR-2003/314 (Patricia E. Bigelow, Todd M. Koel, Dan Mahony, Brian Ertel, Barb Rowdon and S. Thomas Olliff, May 2003)

Geologic Overview of a Bison-Carcass Site at Norris Geyser Basin, March 2004 (Hank Heasler and Cheryl Jaworowski, March 23, 2004)

Yellowstone Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences Annual Reports/Native Fish Conservation Program: 20022003200420052006200720082009-201020112012-2014

Historic Picture of Tuskegee, Alabama (undated)

A Vegetation Management Plan for Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/FOUS/NRR-2012/502 (Amy J. Symstad, April 2012)

Animals of the Fort Union Trading Post and Vicinity: The Historic and Contemporary Animals Species Present (J.H. Lowe. Jr., undated)

Geologic Resources Inventory Report, Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2015/1004 (John P. Graham, August 2015)

Climate Change Trends for Planning at Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site, North Dakota (Patrick Gonzalez, December 18, 2012)

Natural and Cultural Resources Management Plan, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (December 1999)

Characterization of Plant Community Structure and Abiotic Conditions on Climbed and Unclimbed Cliff Faces in the Obed River Gorge (Gary Walker, Emily Parisher, Peter Smith, David Whitlock, David Kramar, Uta Matthes and Leslie Morefield, undated)

Damage Assessment Study Plan: Pryor Oil Well Fire and Spill, Obed Wild and Scenic River (December 21, 2004)

Obed Wild and Scenic River Rock Climbing Survey Results (Charles B. Sims and Donald G. Hodges, June 1, 2004)

Saugus Iron Works: The Roland W. Robbins Excavations, 1948-1953 (William A. Griswold and Donald W. Linebaugh, eds., c2010)

Climate Adaptation Strategies to Protect Natural Resources for the Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site (Geosyntec consultants, June 2015)

Long-Range Interpretation Plan, Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site (2001)

They Passed This Way: An account of the many long forgotten marches and fatigues of the Continental Army from the Battle of Brandywine to the winter encampment at Valley Forge presented to commemorate the 225th anniversary of this 1777 campaign that took place in Southeastern Pennsylvania (Marc A. Brier, September 2002)

Training the Army (undated)

Ancient Southwestern Clothing Conserved (Gwenn Gallenstein, August 31, 2016)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory, Wupatki NM Visitor Center Complex Historic District, Wupatki National Monument (2007)

Geological Resources Inventory Report, Wupatki National Monument NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2011/416 (June 2011)

Delaware River Basin Wild and Scenic River Values (September 2012)

Natural History Guide to American Samoa 2nd Edition (P. Craig, ed., 2005)

"Tea-Pot Tempest": The Power of Place in the Boston Tea Party (Evelyn Strope, 2017)

Cultural Landscape Inventory: Mineral King Road Cultural Landscape District, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (2008)

Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park

Historic Structure Report: The Catoctin Aqueduct — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, March 1976)

Historic Structures Report: Conococheague Aqueduct — Part 1: Historic Data Section (John F. Luzader, 2011)

Historic Structure Report: The Monocacy Aqueduct — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, January 1976)

Historic Structure Report: The Seneca Aqueduct — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, March 1976)

Historic Structure Report: Single-Span Aqueducts — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, March 1974)

Tonoloway Aqueduct, Chesapeake & Ohio National Monument (Edwin C. Bearss, June 30, 1967)

Historic Structures Report: Town Creek Aqueduct (Edwin C. Bearss, February 1966)

The Bridges, Chesapeake & Ohio Canal (Edwin C. Bearss, January 31, 1961)

Historic Structure Survey: Broad Run Trunk (Edwin M. Dale, John F. Luzader and Charles H. Blake, September 1961)

Historic Resource Study: Brunswick, Maryland — Historical Data (Edward D. Smith, January 1978)

Historic Structure Report: The Culverts — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, January 1976)

Historic Resource Study: Cumberland, Maryland — Historical Data (Edward D. Smith, c1978)

Historic Structure Report: Dam No. 2 & Associated Structures (Harlan D. Unrau, May 1976)

Historic Structure Report: Dam No. 6 and its Associated Structures (Harlan D. Unrau, December 1974)

Excursion Boats on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (John P. McCarthy, June 2014, rev. August 2014)

The History of "Four Locks" (Jack Sanderson, undated)

Historic Structures Report: Four Locks School (Douglass C. Reed and Paula Stoner Reed, February 1991)

A Preliminary Historical Study on the Area Along the Maryland Shore of the Potomac at Great Falls During the Heyday of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 1858-1880 (Rogers W. Young and T. Sutton Jett, June 1939)

The Hassett Farm & Related History (Mike Mastrangelo, undated)

Historic Structure Report: Iron Bridge at Lock #68 — Architectural Data (Thomas E. Fields, October 1976)

Historic Structure Report: The Stone House (Misnamed the Salty Dog Saloon) Opposite C & O Canal Lock 33 — Historical Data (Edward D. Smith, March 25, 1980)

Historic Structures Report: Survey Report for the Lock #66 Complex Located North of Paw Paw Tunnel — Architectural Data Section (Archie W. Franzen, December 1967)

Historic Structure Report: The Lockhouses — Historical Data (Harlan D. Unrau, May 1978)

Historic Structure Report: The Masonry Locks (Harlan D. Unrau, June 1978)

Historic Structures Report: Architectural Data Section on the Paw Paw Tunnel — Part I (Archie W. Franzen, March 1965)

Historic Structures Survey: The Towpath of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal (John F. Luzader, 1961)

Historic Structure Survey Report: Tunnel, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal — Part I, Historic Data Section (John F. Luzard, undated)

Historic Structure Report: The Canal Prism including Towpath with Canal Berm and River Revetments, Historical Data, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, MD.-D.C.-VA. (Harlan D. Unrau, October 1974)

Design Guidelines, Mt. McKinley National Park Headquarters Historic District: Boundary Expansion (1950-1961), Denali National Park and Preserve (Heather Feil, 2016)

Richmond National Battlefield Park

Cultural Landscape Report for Rural Plains, Richmond National Battlefield Park: Treatment Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation (John W. Hammond, 2016)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Chickahominy Bluff, Richmond National Battlefield Park (1999)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Drewry's Bluff, Richmond National Battlefield Park (1999)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Fort Harrison, Richmond National Battlefield Park (2015)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Glendale Battlefield, Richmond National Battlefield Park (2017)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Malvern Hill Battlefield, Richmond National Battlefield Park (2017)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Parker's Battery, Richmond National Battlefield Park (1999)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Totopotomoy Creek Battlefield at Rural Plains, Richmond National Battlefield Park (2015)

Historical Landscape Study: Terrain of Cold Harbor Battlefield, June 1, 1864 (Clifford R. Dickinson, August 8, 1988)

Historical Landscape Study: Terrain of Gaines' Mill Battlefield, June 27, 1862 (Clifford R. Dickinson, February 11, 1990)

Park Newspaper (The Quarterly): Fall 1999Winter 2000Spring 2000Summer 2000Fall 2000Winter 2001Spring 2001Summer 2001Fall 2001Winter 2002Spring 2002September 2002March 2003July 2003March 2004June 2004September 2004March 20052005January 2006June 2006December 2006May 2007September 2007June 2008November 2008July 2009


Natural Resources

Research Opportunities, Crater Lake National Park (1999)

North Coast and Cascade Learning Network Newsletter (Issue 1, 2003)

North Coast and Cascades Science Learning Network Resource Annual Brief (2012)

Historical Wind Research in Rocky Mountain National Park, Interviews with David Glidden (Leanne Benton, extracts from Resources Rendezvous, Winter 2004 and December 2006)

Cave and Karst Management Plan, Environmental Assessment, Jewel Cave National Monument (August 2007)

Air Operations Handbook (August 1973)

Women in Mountain Climatology: Mount Washington, Rocky Mountain National Park, Denali National Park, and UMASS Amherst Historical Connections Poster (D.E. Glidden, 2018)

Bear-Human Conflict Management Plan, Katmai National Park and Preserve, Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve, Alagnak Wild River (March 2006)

Biodiversity

The Role of the National Park Service in Protecting Biological Diversity Report to the Director of the National Park Service (Christine Schonewald-Cox, comp., March 1987)

Ecological Variety: The Prince William Forest Park Premise (Robert H. Giles, Jr., May 1993)

All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Other National Parks: Prospectus (c1999)

ATBI Quarterly: (Autumn 2000)(Winter 2001)(Spring 2001)(Summer 2001, Vol. 2 No. 3)(Fall 2001, Vol. 2 No. 4)(Winter 2002, Vol. 3 No. 1)(Spring 2002, Vol. 3 No. 2)(Spring 2003, Vol. 4 No. 2)(Summer 2003, Vol. 4 No. 3)(Winter 2004, Vol. 5 No. 1)(Fall 2009, Vol. 10 No. 4)

The All Taxa Biological Inventory of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Michael J. Sharkey, extract from Florida Entomologist, 84(4), December 2001)

Final Consensus Report of the Keystone Policy Dialogue on Biological Diversity on Federal Lands (The Keystone Center, April 1991)

Paleontology

Application of New Technologies Supporting Paleontological Resource Inventory and Monitoring in Intermountain Region Parks (Vincent L. Santucci and John R. "Jack" Wood, extract from Crossroads in Science, Fall 2015)

Paleontological Resource Inventory (Non-Sensitive Version), Mesa Verde National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/MEVE/NRR-2017/1550 (G. William M. Harrison, Justin S. Tweet, Vincent L. Santucci and George L. San Miguel, November 2017)

Toward a Conceptual Framework for Assessing the Human Dimensions of Paleontological Resources (Vincent L. Santucci, Peter Newman and B. Derrick Taff, from New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin No. 74, 2016, ©New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, all rights reserved)

Upper Triassic lithostratigraphy, depositional systems, and vertebrate paleontology across southern Utah (Jeffrey W. Martz, James I. Kirkland, Andrew R.C. Milner, William G. Parker and Vincent L. Santucci, extract from Geology of the Intermountain West, Vol. 4, 2017, ©Utah Geological Association, all rights reserved)

Born of Fire: In Search of Volcanoes in U.S. National Parks, Four Striking Examples (Laura C. Walkup, Thomas J. Cassdevall and Vincent L. Santucci, extract from Earth Science History, Vol. 36 No. 2, 2017, ©History of the Earth Science Society, all rights reserved)

Preserving Fossils in the National Parks: A History (Vincent L. Santucci, extract from Earth Science History, Vol. 36 No. 2, 2017, ©History of the Earth Science Society, all rights reserved)



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