Copyright, Randall D. Payne

Olympic National Park, Washington

National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the history of the National Park Service and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System. The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official National Park Service Website for current information. While we are not affiliated with the National Park Service, we gratefully acknowledge the contributions by park employees and advocates, which has enabled us to create this free digital repository.

Note: The next update will be on October 1st.

New eLibrary Additions
Featured Publication

The Bartram Trail: National Scenic/Historic Trail Study, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (February 1982)

Historic Resource Study: A History of Mining in Death Valley National Monument, Volume I of II, Part 1 of 2 (Linda W. Greene, March 1981)

Historic Resource Study: A History of Mining in Death Valley National Monument, Volume I of II, Part 2 of 2 (Linda W. Greene, March 1981)

Historic Furnishings Report: Melrose, Natchez National Historical Park (Carol Petravage, 2004)

Historic Furnishings Report: The William Johnson House, Natchez National Historical Park (Carol Petravage, 2004)

Vanderbilt Mansion: A Gilded-Age Place, A Historic Resource Study, Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site (Peggy Albee, Molly Berder, H. Eliot Foulds, Nina Gray and Pamela Herrick, written 2000, printed 2008, revised September 12, 2008)

Museum Management Plan, Mojave National Preserve (Bob Bryson, Lisbit Bailey, Steve Floray, Diane Nicholson and Melanie Spoo, April 2007)

Museum Management Plan, Whiskeytown National Recreation Area (Mary Benterou, Kent Bush, H. Dale Durham, Clinton Kane and James O' Barr, October 2002)

Long-Range Interpretive Plan: Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve (September 2005)

Cultural Landscape Report: Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park, Volume One (October 1994)

Historic Furnishings Report: Painted Desert Inn, Part 1: Historical Data, Part 2: Implementation Plan, Petrified Forest National Park (2004)

Highways in Harmony: Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Tour Roads (1999)

Fort Moultrie Units (Edwin C. Bearss, November 5, 1973)

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park: An Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (Michael A. Capps, 1994)

USS Arizona Memorial: Administrative History Review Draft 1.0, (Spencer Architects, Inc., September 15, 2004)

General Report on the Archeology and History of Guam (Erik K. Reed, 1952)

Evaluation of Alternatives for Relocating the Museum, Library and Archive Facility to the Gillette Ranch, Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (Richard Cronenberger, Steve Floray and Phil Bedel, July 3, 2007)

The National Parks: Index 2001-2003, Revised to Include the Actions of the 106th Congress ending December 31, 2000

The National Parks: Index 2005-2007, Revised to Include the Actions of the 108th Congress ending December 31, 2004

Video: Haleakalā: A Rare and Sacred Landscape (June 19, 2019)

Historic Structure Report: The Grange Residence of William Page Including Notes on the Beach Creek Dock House and Pump House, Cumberland Island National Seashore (GWWPO, Inc./Architects, September 2014)

Archeological Investigations in Cochiti Reservoir, New Mexico, Volume 4: Adaptive Change in the Northern Rio Grande Valley (Jan V. Biella and Richard C. Chapman, eds., 1979)

Historic Structure Report: Percy-Lobdell Building, Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve (WLA Studio, RATIO Architects, Palmer Engineering and Building Conservation Associates, March 2019)

Historic Structure Report: Superintendent's Residence, Mammoth Cave National Park (Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., September 2013)

Historic Resource Study, Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site (Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc., June 2019)

Historic Structure Report: Cemetery Lodge, Fort Donelson National Battlefield (Joseph K. Oppermann-Architect, 2019)

2018 Annual Wolf Report, Denali National Park and Preserve (2019)

Final Monument Management Plans and Environmental Impact Statement (Shash Jáa and Indian Creek Units), Bears Ears National Monument: Executive SummaryVol. 1Vol. 2 (BLM, USFS, July 2019)

Laidlaw Park: Sagebrush Oasis — A Guided Tour of the Largest Kipuka at Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, Idaho (Date Unknown)

2018: A Year in Review — Preserving and Interpreting World War II Japanese American Confinement Sites (Summer 2019)

Bears of Brooks River 2019: A Guide to Their Identification, Lives, and Habits (2019)

Historic Resource Study, Guilford Courthouse National Military Park (WLA Studio, January 2017)

Tolerably Comfortable: A Field Trial of a Recreated Soldier Cabin at Valley Forge (Marc A. Brier, August 1, 2004)

A Demographic Survey of the Continental Army that Wintered at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 1777-1778 (Harold E. Selesky, 1987)

The British Campaign for Philadelphia and the Occupation of Valley Forge in 1777 (Date Unknown)

Historic Building Report: The Stephenson Buildings (Buildings No. 12 and 12A) — Part I (Charles W. Snell and Raymond L. Ives, October 8, 1957)

Congruence between future distribution models and empirical data for an iconic species at Joshua Tree National Park (Lynn C. Sweet, Tyler Green, James G. C. Heintz, Neil Frakes, Nicolas Graver, Jeff S. Rangitsch, Jane E. Rodgers, Scott Heacox, and Cameron W. Barrows, extract from Ecosphere, Vol. 10(6), June 2019)

Anthropogenic Climate Change in Joshua Tree National Park, California, USA (Patrick Gonzalez, July 26, 2019)

Anthropogenic Climate Change Trends and Scenarios in Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska (Patrick Gonzalez, March 20, 2019)

Anthropogenic Climate Change Trends in Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, USA (Patrick Gonzalez, May 23, 2019)

Anthropogenic Climate Change in Sagamore Hill National Historic Site, New York (Patrick Gonzalez, April 22, 2019)

Cane River Creole National Historical Park

Historic Resource Study: Cane River Creole National Historical Park (Commonwealth Heritage Group, Inc. and Suzanne Turner Associates, June 2019)

Historic Structure Report: Magnolia Plantation, Gin Barn (2004)

Historic Structure Report: Magnolia Plantation, Overseer's House (Hartrampf, Inc. and Office of Jack Pyburn, Architect, Inc., 2004)

Historic Structure Report: Oakland Plantation Big House (2004)

Historic Structure Report: Oakland Plantation, Gin Complex (Hartrampf, Inc. and Office of Jack Pyburn, Architect, Inc., 2004)

Historic Structure Report: Oakland Plantation, Prud'homme's Store (2004)

Historic Structure Report: Oakland Plantation, The Cottage (Hartrampf, Inc. and Office of Jack Pyburn, Architect, Inc., 2002)

Historical Handbooks

Little Bighorn Battlefield

Little Bighorn Battlefield


Ford's Theatre

Ford's Theatre


Fort McHenry

Arlington House


Hopewell Furnace



Statue of Liberty

Fort Sumter




Fort Raleigh


Fort Pulaski

Fort Necessity

Fort Laramine


Kings Mountain


Ocmulgee Mounds

Chickamauga and Chattanooga

George Washington Birthplace

Montezuma Castle

Scotts Bluff

Jean Lafitte

Guilford Courthouse


Vanderbilt Mansion


Wright Brothers

Fort Union

Aztec Ruins

Whitman Mission

Fort Davis

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania

Golden Spike

U.S. Forest Service Historical Publications

Enduring Stories, Dynamic Landscapes: The Lewis and Clark Expedition on National Forests and Grasslands (2004)

Outdoor Recreation in the National Forests Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 301 (September 1965)

Your Water Supply and Forests Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 305 (August 1966, slight revised May 1972)

100 Years of Federal Forestry Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 402 (William W. Bergoffen, December 1976)

Wolves in relation to Stock, Game, and the National Forest Reserves Forest Service Bulletin 72 (Vernon Bailey, January 19, 1907)

Camp Stoves and Fireplaces (A.D. Taylor, 1937)

Forest Preservation and National Prosperity Forest Service Circular No. 35 (1905)

National Forests of Wyoming Miscellaneous Circular No. 82 (February 1927)

The National Forests of California Miscellaneous Circular No. 94 (1927)

Government Forest Work USDA Circular 211 (April 1922, revised December 1924)

Cleaning Recreation Sites ED&T 9009 (July 1980)

A History of Architecture of the USDA Forest Service EM-7310-8 (John R. Grosvenor, July 1999)

Forest Conservation in the Social Studies and Sciences (1940)

Forest Outings by Thirty Foresters (Russell Lord, ed., 1940)

Forest Reserve Manual, fot the Information and Use of Forest Officers (April 12, 1902)

Forest Trail Handbook (revised July 1935)

Centennial Mini-Histories of the Forest Service FS-518 (Terry L. West, July 1992)

Managing Multiple Uses on National Forests, 1905-1995 FS-628 (John Fedkiw, 1998)

The USDA Forest Service — The First Century FS-650 (Gerald W. Williams, July 2000, slightly revised April 2005)

Wood...Colors and Kinds Agricultural Handbook No. 101 (Roger B. Russell, Donovan R. Every and B. Francis Kukachka, October 1956)

Forest Nursery Practice in the Lake States Agricultural Handbook No. 110 (J.H. Stoockeler and G.W. Jones, 1957)

Forester's Guide to Aerial Photo Interpretation Agricultural Handbook No. 308 (Thomas Eugene Avery, slightly revised November 1978)

Important Forest Trees of the United States Agricultural Handbook No. 519 (Elbert L. Little, Jr., June 1978)

The Historical Role of Fire on the Bitterroot National Forest USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-87 (Stephen F. Arno, December 1976)

Forest Trees and Forest Regions of the United States USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 217 (Wilbur R. Mattoon, January 1936, slightly revised June 1940)

New Forest Frontiers for: Jobs, Permanent Communities, A Stronger Nation USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 414 (April 1941)

Forests and National Prosperity: A Reappraisal of the Forest Situation in the United States USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 668 (August 1948)

Products of American Forests USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 861 (F.J. Champion, revised April 1969)

How to Prune Trees NA-FR-01-95 (Peter J. Bedker, Joseph G. O'Brien and Manfred E. Mielke, 1995)

Wilderness PA-459 (June 1961, slightly revised August 1963)

Camping PA-502 (revised October 1971)

Backpacking in the National Forest Wilderness...a family adventure PA-585 (revised May 1969)

Trees of the Forest: Their Beauty and Use PA-613 (April 1964, slightly revised December 1971)

Search for Solitude: Our Wilderness Heritage PA-942 (June 1970)

A Primer of Forestry: Part I — The Forest, Part II — Practical Forestry (Gifford Pinchot, 1903 and 1905)

Private Woodlands...You, and Your Forester (1964)

Possibilities of Shelterbelt Plantin in the Plains Region (1935)

The Place of Forestry Among Natural Sciences (Henry S. Graves, extract from Smithsonian Institution Annual Report, 1915)

Taming Our Forests (Martha Bensley Bruère, February 1938)

The Use of the National Forests (Gifford Pinchot, June 14, 1907)

National-Forest Vacations (Date Unknown)

What Forests Give (Martha Bensley Bruère, February 1938)

Forests of Alaska (July 1, 1939)

Chippewa National Forest, Minnesota (1942)

National Forests of Colorado Miscellaneous Publication No. 18 (May 1928)

Florida National Forests (1939)

National Forests in Michigan (1941)

Ouachita National Forest, Arkansas-Oklahoma (1937)

Payette National Forest, Idaho (1941)

Routt National Forest, Colorado (1941)

San Juan National Forest, Colorado (1942)

Shoshone National Forest, Wyoming (1941)

National Forests in the Southern Appalachians, North Carolina-Tennessee-South Carolina-Georgia (1940)

Superior National Forest, Minnesota (1941)

The Clearwater Story: A History of the Clearwater National Forest Northern Region 79-03 (Ralph S. Space, 1981)

Lochsa Historical Ranger Station Self-Guided Walking Tour Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forests R1-16-18 (Date Unknown)

Lochsa Historical Ranger Station Self-Guided Walking Tour Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forests R1-16-18 (2016)

The Philipsburg Story: A History of the Philipsburg Ranger District, 1905-1980 R1-81-12 (Robert D. [Bob] Oakley, August 1981)

Early Days in the Forest Service, Volumes 1, 2, 3 and 4 (1944?, 1955, 1962, 1976)

Trails of the Past: Historical Overview of the Flathead National Forest, Montana, 1800-1960 (Kathryn L. McKay, 1994)

The Flathead Story (Charlie Shaw, 1967)

The National Forests of the Northern Region: Living Legacy — (Robert D. Baker, Larry Burt, Robert S. Maxwell, Victor H. Treat and Henry C. Dethloff, November 1993)

When the Mountains Roared: Stories of the 1910 Fire R1-78-30 (Elers Koch, Joe B. Halm and Mr. Swaine, 1978)

The Nezperce Story: A History of the Nezperce National Forest (Albert N. Cochrell, Date Unknown)

The CCCs on the Nez Perce National Forest (Date Unknown)

Highway 12 — A Long and Winding Road, Nez Perce-Clearwater National Forests R1-16-28 (September 2016)

Lewis & Clark on the Lolo Trail R1-04-36 (Date Unknown)

Selway River Corridor R1-01-67 (Date Unknown)

History of Smokejumping R1-80-22 (August 1, 1980)

From Prairies to Peaks: a history of the Rocky Mountain Region of the U.S. Forest Service, 1905-2012 R2-FH-001 (Anthony Godfrey, October 2012)

Medicine Bow National Forest (1941)

Cultural Resources Overview: Little Colorado Area, Arizona, Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (Fred Plog, 1981)

Cultural Resources Overview: Central New Mexico, Cibola National Forest (Joseph A. Tainter and Frances Levine, 1987)

Zuni Mountain Railroads, Cibola National Forest, New Mexico Cultural Resources Management Report No. 6 (Vernon J. Glover and Joseph P. Hereford, Jr., 2nd printing, March 1990)

Cultural Resources Overview: Central New Mexico, Cibola National Forest (Joseph A. Tainter and Frances Levine, 1987)

Guns and Gold: History of the Galiuro Wilderness, Coronado National Forest (John P. Wilson, September 1977)

The Early Days: A Sourcebook of Southwestern Region History, Books 1, 2 and 3 (1989, 1991, 1992)

Bibliography of Cultural Resource Reports Submitted to the Forest Service, Southwestern Region, in 1979 (Polly Davis, comp., March 1979)

Timeless Heritage: A History of the Forest Service in the Southwest FS-409 (Robert D. Baker, Robert S. Maxwell, Victor H. Treat and Henry C. Dethloff, August 1988)

Logging Railroads of the Lincoln National Forest, New Mexico Cultural Resources Management Report No. 4 (Vernon J. Glover, September 1984)

Cultural Resources on the Lincoln National Forest Cultural Resources Miscellaneous Papers No. 35 (Julio L. Betancourt, Jeff Boyer, Patricia M. Spoerl and Joseph A. Tainter, December 1981)

Jemez Mountain Railroads, Santa Fe National Forest, New Mexico Cultural Resources Management Report No. 9 (Vernon J. Glover, April 1990)

Santa Fe National Forest Area: An Historical Perspective for Management Cultural Resources Report No. 30 (David "A" Gillio, August 1979)

Men Who Matched the Mountains: The Forest Service in the Southwest (Ediwn A. Tucker and George Fitzpatrick, 1972)

Comprehensive Plan: The Nez Perce (Nee-Me-Poo) National Historic Trail (1990)

The Rise of Multiple-Use Management in the Intermountain West: A History of Region 4 of the Forest Service FS-399 (Thomas G. Alexander, May 1987)

Images From the Past (June/July 1991)

An Overview of History in the Drainage Basin of the Middle Fork of the Salmon River Cultural Resources Report No. 6 (Mary P. Rossillon, 1981)

A Cultural Resource Reconnaissance in the Middle Fork Salmon River Basin, Idaho, 1978 Cultural Resources Report No. 7 (Ruthann Knudson, Darby Stapp, Steven Hackenberger, William D. Lipe and Mary P. Rossillon, 1982)

A History of the Salmon National Forest (Elizabeth Smith, 1973?)

The Ever-Changing View

Fire in the Forest

The Lure of the Forest

Fire in the Forest: A History of Forest Fire Control on the National Forests in California, 1898-1956 R5-FR-003 (Robert W. Cermak, July 2005)

The Ever-Changing View: A History of the National Forests in California R5-FR-004 (Anthony Godfrey, July 2005)

The Lure of the Forest: Oral Histories from the National Forests in California R5-FR-005 (Victor Geraci, comp., June 2005)

Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest (Inyo National Forest) (Date Unknown)

Public Camp Manual (1935)

Historical Overview of Los Padres National Forest (E.R. (Jim) Blakley and Karen Barnette, July 1985)

A History of the Six Rivers National Forest...Commemorating the First 50 Years (Pamela A. Conners, April 1998)

Stark Beauty: Klamath-Siskiyou Serpentines FS-920 (November 2008, reprinted October 2013)

History of Tahoe National Forest, 1840-1940: A Cultural Resources Overview History Report No. 15 (W. Turrentine, Jackson Rand Herbert and Stephen Wee, 1982)

Cultural Resources Overview: Part I — Prehistory, Tahoe National Forest (Richard Markley and Gregory Henton, 1985)

History of the Fremont National Forest (Melva Bach, 1990)

A History of the Forest Conservation in the Pacific Northwest, 1891-1913 (@copy;Lawrence Rakestraw, 1955)

The National Forests in the Pacific Northwest (1971)

History of the Rogue River National Forest: Volume 1 (1893-1932) and Volume 2 (1933-1969) (Carroll E. Brown, comp., January 1960 and 1970?)

Heceta House: A History and Architectural Survey Studies in Cultural Resources Management No. 3 (Stephani Finucane, revised February 6, 1980)

The Geologic History of the Diamond Lake Area, Umqua National Forest, Douglas County, Oregon (William B. Purdom, 1964)

Vacation Land: The National Forests of Oregon (1919)

History of the Willamette National Forest (Lawrence and Mary Rakestraw, 1991)

Eastern and Southern National Forests (September 1932)

Francis Marion National Forest Cultural Resources Overview (David G. Anderson and Patricia A. Logan, April 1981)

Cultural Resources Overview for the National Forests in Mississippi (Mark F. DeLeon, comp., September 1983)

A History of the Daniel Boone National Park, 1770-1970 (Robert F. Collins, 1975)

The Crossett Story: The Beginning of Forestry in Southern Arkansas and Northern Louisana (R.R. Reynolds, 1980)

Mountaineers and Rangers: A History of Federal Forest Management in the Southern Appalachians, 1900-81 FS-380 (Shelley Smith Mastran and Nan Lowerre, April 1983)

For the Trees: An Illustrated History of the Ozark-St. Francis National Foress, 1908-1978 (Sharon M.W. Bass, 1981)

Message from the President of the United States Transmitting A Report of the Secretary of Agriculture in Relation to the Forests, Rivers, and Mountains of the Southern Appalachian Region (1902)

Women...Your Challenging Role in Forest Conservation (Date Unknown)

Allegheny Oil: The Historic Petroleum Industry on the Allegheny National Forest Allegheny National Forest Heritage Publication No. 1 (Philip W. Ross, April 1996)

The Land We Cared For...A History of the Forest Service's Eastern Region (David E. Conrad, 1997)

An Evaluation of Depression Era Structures on the Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan Cultural Resources Management Report No. 3 (John G. Franzen and James M. Wojtala, February 1985)

Prehistoric Settlement on the Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan: A Preliminary Location Model Cultural Resources Management Report No. 4 (John G. Franzen, 1986)

National Register Evaluation of Historic Structures Located on Hiawatha National Forest Final Report (Anthony Godfrey and Barbara Kooiman, March 31, 1993)

Looking at History: Indiana's Hoosier National Forest Region, 1600 to 1950 (Ellen Sieber and Cheryl Ann Munson, 1992)

Looking at Prehistory: Indiana's Hoosier National Forest Region, 12,000 B.C. to 1650 (Noel D. Justice, November 2006)

History of Whites Creek and the Irish Wilderness Mark Twain National Forest (Ronald Wihebrink, 1971)

History of Nicolet National Forest, 1928-1976 (Kennell M. Elliott, July 1977)

Vacation on the White Mountain National Forest (1978)

A History of the United States Forest Service in Alaska (Lawrence W. Rakestraw, 1981)

Alaska Solitude: Wilderness Areas of the Tongass National Forest Leaflet No. 159 (1983)

Interpreting the Tongass National Forest via the Alaska Marine Highway (D.R. [Bob] Hakala, Date Unknown)

Mendenhall Glacier (Date Unknown)

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Please note: is an independent effort; we are not an official partner of the National Park Service (NPS), though a huge debt of gratitude is extended to all NPS employees (current and former) and other park supporters who have graciously contributed their personal collections, thus enabling us to present these rather scarce documents for free public use. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials presented. While most of the content contained herein is in the public domain, the Website also contains copyrighted works (permission to host this content has been obtained from the copyright-holders); please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Use of this Website is done so at your own risk; we are not responsible for any loss or damage arising from information or links contained within this site.
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