NPSHistory.com

Copyright, Randall D. Payne
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Oregon


National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal electronic publications covering the history of the National Park Service and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System. The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official National Park Service Website for current information. While we are not affiliated with the National Park Service, we gratefully acknowledge the contributions by park employees and advocates, which has enabled us to create this free digital repository.


New eLibrary Additions

Seizing Freedom: Archaeology of Escaped Slaves at Camp Nelson, Kentucky (W. Stephen McBride and Kim A. McBride, 2011)

Papers presented at the Longfellow Commemorative Conference, April 1-3, 1982 (PDF) (HTML edition) (1982)

Mountains and Meadowlands Along the Blue Ridge Parkway (William A. Blake, 1975)

The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kilauea Volcano (C. A. Neal, S.R. Brantley, L. Antolik, J. Babb, M. Burgess, K. Calles, M. Cappos, J. C. Chang, S. Conway, L. Desmither, P. Dotray, T. Elias, P. Fukunaga, S. Fuke, I. A. Johanson, K. Kamibayashi, J. Kauahikaua, R. L. Lee, S. Pekalib, A. Miklius, W. Million, C. J. Moniz, P. A. Nadeau, P. Okubo, C. Parcheta, M. P. Patrick, B. Shiro, D. A. Swanson, W. Tollett, F. Trusdell, E. F. Younger, M. H. Zoeller, E. K. Montgomery-Brown, K. R. Anderson, M. P. Poland, J. Ball, J. Bard, M. Coombs, H. R. Dietterich, C. Kern, W. A. Thelen, P. F. Cervelli, T. Orr, B. F. Houghton, C. Gansecki, R. Hazlett, P. Lundgren, A. K. Diefenbach, A. H. Lerner, G. Waite, P. Kell, L. Clor, C. Werner, K. Mulliken and G. Fisher, extract from Science, December 11, 2018)

The National Park Service Long Range Plan Draft (1963)

Nature-Based Recreation: Understanding Campsite Reservations in National Parks (Margaret Walls, Casey Wichman and Kevin Ankney, ©Resources for the Future, November 2018)

Overcrowding in National Parks: Seeing the Forest for the Trees with Better Data (Margaret A. Walls, Casey J. Wichman and Kevin Ankney, extract from Resources Issue 199, Fall 2018, ©Resources for the Future)

The Changing Role of Agriculture in Point Reyes National Seashore (Ellie Rilla and Lisa Bush, June 2009, rev. December 2009)

TJ Ruin: Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers No. 21 (Peter J. McKenna and James E. Bradford, 1989)

Archeological Survey: Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers No. 47 (James E. Bradford, 1992)

Cultural Landscape Report for Chancellorsville Battlefield, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park: Site History, Existing Conditions, Analysis and Evaluation, Treatment Recommendations Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation (John Auwaerter, Cathy Ponte and Nathan Powers, 2018)

Cemetery Community: A Brief History (Stones River) (Rebecca Conard, February 2016)

Tourism and visitor management in protected areas: Guidelines for sustainability Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 27 (Yu-Fai Leun, Anna Spenceley, Glen Hvenegaard and Ralf Buckley, eds., ©IUCN, 2018)

Boating Regulations in the National Park System (1969)

Status and Trends of Coral Reefs of the Pacific (Charlotte Moritz, Jason Vii, Warren Lee Long, Jerker Tamelander, AurĂ©lie Thomassin and Serge Planes, eds., ©Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, 2018)

Cultural Landscape Report for Dune Shacks of Peaked Hill Bars Historic District, Cape Cod National Seashore Site History, Existing Conditions, Analysis and Evaluation and Treatment (Emily Donaldson, Margie Coffin Brown and Gretchen Hilyard, 2011)

Historic Structures Report: Race Point Coast Guard Station, Station House, Cape Cod National Seashore (Maureen K. Phillips, July 2005)

Cultural Landscape Report for Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, Volume II: Treatment Implementation Plan (Jeffrey Killion, Sara Sanchez, Kristi Lin, Margie Coffin Brown, Eliot Foulds, 2018)

Cultural Landscape Report for Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, St. Louis, Missouri (1996)

Cultural Landscape Report, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (May 2010)

Historic Structure Report, Gateway Arch — Volume 1, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, St. Louis, Missouri (Bahr Vermeer Haecker Architects, Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., and Alvine and Associates, Inc., June 2010)

Historic Structure Report, Historical Data Section - Part 1, and Historic Grounds Study, Old Courthouse, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, St. Louis, Missouri (John H. Lindenbusch, undated)

Historic Structure Report: Bluffs Coffee Shop, Doughton Park, Blue Ridge Parkway (Joseph K. Oppermann-Architect, 2018)

Au Sable Light Station, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore: The Life of the Keepers as Reflected in their Official Journals (David A. Clary, April 1975)

Historic Structure Report, Historical Data: Au Sable Light Station, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan (Louis Torres, November 1978)

Mountain Goat Management Plan Environmental Assessment, Grand Teton National Park (December 2018)

Arlington Memorial Bridge, Photographs, Written Historical and Descriptive Data HAER No. DC-7 (Historic American Engineering Record, 1988)

Disposition Plan for National Park Service-Owned Structures in Wilsonia Environmental Assessment, Grant Grove, Kings Canyon National Park (March 2013)

Civilian Conservation Corps Activities in the National Capital Region of the National Park Service: Written Historical and Descriptive Data HABS DC-858 (undated)

Proceedings of the Acadia National Park Science Symposium. October 20th, 2018, College of the Atlantic, Bar Harbor, Maine (Emma Albee and Abraham Miller-Rushing, eds., December 10, 2018)

Foundation Document Overview, Valles Caldera National Preserve, New Mexico (May 2018)

Foundation Document Overview, Appalachian National Scenic Trail, ME, NH, VT, MA, CT, NY, NJ, PA, MD, WV, VA, TN, NC, GA (Date Unknown)

Foundation Document, Fort Scott National Monument, Kansas (April 2015)

Foundation Document, River Raisin National Battlefield Park, Michigan (December 2012) Overview (Date Unknown)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Bluestone National Scenic River NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/BLUE/NRR-2018/1810 (Andy J. Nadeau, Kathy Allen, Hannah Hutchins and Andrew Robertson, November 2018)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/SCPN/NRR-2018/1837 (Lisa Baril, Patricia Valentine-Darby, Kimberly Struthers, Paul Whitefield, Kirk Anderson and Mark Brunson, December 2018)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/OLYM/NRR-2018/1826 (Rebecca McCaffery and Kurt Jenkins, eds., November 2018)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/CHCH/NRR-2018/1833 (Andy J. Nadeau, Kathy Allen, Hannah Hutchins and Andrew Robertson, December 2018)

Climate Change Implications for Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos) in the North Cascades Ecosystem NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NOCA/NRR-2018/1814 (Jason I. Ransom, Meade Krosby and Andrea L. Lyons, November 2018)

Springs, Seeps and Tinajas Monitoring Protocol: Chihuahuan and Sonoran Desert Networks NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/SODN/NRR-2018/1796 (Cheryl McIntyre, Kirsten Gallo, Evan Gwilliam, J. Andrew Hubbard, Julie Christian, Kristen Bonebrake, Greg Goodrum, Megan Podolinsky, Laura Palacios, Benjamin Cooper and Mark Isley, November 2018)

Paleontological Resource Inventory and Monitoring: Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network National Park Service TIC #D-265 (Alison L. Koch and Vincent L. Santucci, June 2004)

Paleontological Resource Inventory and Monitoring: Gulf Coast Network National Park Service TIC #D-750 (Jason P. Kenworthy, Vincent L. Santucci and Christy C. Visaggi, February 2007)

Paleontological Resource Inventory and Monitoring: Northeast Coastal and Barrier Network National Park Service TIC #D-340 (Jason Kenworthy and Vincent L. Santucci, July 2003)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Big Thicket National Preserve NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2018/1779 (Trista L. Thornberry-Ehrlich, October 2018)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Casa Grande Ruins National Monument NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2018/1785 (Katie KellerLynn, October 2018)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR-2018/1783 (Katie KellerLynn, October 2018)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Point Reyes National Seashore NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR-2018/1784 (Rebecca B. Port, October 2018)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Shiloh National Military Park NPS Natural Resources Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRR-2018/1778 (Trista L. Thornberry-Ehrlich, October 2018)

Tetrapod ichnotaxonomy in eolian paleoenvironments (Coconino and De Chelley formations, Arizona) and late Cisuralian (Permian) sauropsid radiation (Lorenzo Marchetti, Sebastian Voigt, Spencer G. Lucas, Heitor Francischini, Paula Dentzien-Dias, Roberto Sacchi, Marco Mangiacotti, Stefano Scali, Andrea Gazzola, Ausonio Ronchi and Amanda Millhouse, extract from Earth-Science Reviews, 190, December 13, 2018)

Special Report on Wildlife Investigation of the Snake River Canyon (E. Lowell Sumner, Jr., October 17, 1939)

Snake River Canyon National Monument, Idaho-Oregon: Proposed (1938-1947)

A Report of the Available Areas of Port Orford Cedar in the State of Oregon Which Might Be Suitable for Inclusion in the National Parks Service System (Branch of Forestry, November 1939)

Wallowa Mountains National Park, Oregon: Proposed (1938-1949)

Field Investigation Report, Proposed Needles Recreation Area, Utah (September 1959, rev. August 1960)

Florida Coral Reefs: Islandia (Bureau of Outdoor Recreation and National Park Service, 1965)

How the National Park Service responded to the 9/11 terrorist attack (Bill Gabbert, Wildfire Today, December 1, 2018)

National Park Service helicopters played vital role on 9/11 (Bill Gabbert, Fire Aviation, December 1, 2018)

Newspaper: 2002 Olympic Winter Games, Salt Lake City — Central to 23 Spectacular National Park Sites (2002)

Guidelines for Design of Fee Collection Facilities, National Park Service (December 1987)

Information Handbook of the National Park Service In-Service Training Series (c1954)

Areas Administered by the National Park Service (June 30, 1954)

Areas Administered by the National Park Service/Registry of National Landmarks (1965)

National Parks and National Monuments (E.D.F., 1955)

National Park Standards (Camp Fire Club of America, September 1, 1929)

HALS 101: The Historic American Landscapes Survey (undated)

United States Park Police Annual Report (1977)

Creation of the Department of the Interior (March 3, 1976)

America's Guardian of Natural Resources: The United States Department of the Interior (1978)


Administrative Histories

National Park Service Administrative History: A Guide (Barry Mackintosh, 1991)

C & O Canal: The Making of a Park (Barry Mackintosh, 1991)

Celebrating the Immigrant: An Administrative History of the Statue of Liberty National Monument, 1952 - 1982 (PDF) (HTML edition) Cultural Resource Management Study No. 10 (Barbara Blumberg, 1985)

Gila Cliff Dwellings Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers No. 48 (Peter Russell, 1992)

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992 — Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (A. Berle Clemensen, March 1992)

Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Administrative History (Cameron Binkley, 2008)

Cowpens National Battlefield: An Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (Cameron Binkley and Steven A. Davis, February 2002)

A History of National Capital Parks (PDF) (HTML edition) (Cornelius W. Heine, 1953)

Prince William Forest Park: Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (Susan Cary Strickland, 1986)

Rock Creek Park: Administrative History (PDF) (HTML edition) (Barry Mackintosh, 1985)

The Park that Makes Its Own Weather: An Administrative History of Golden Gate National Recreation Area (Hal K. Rothman, 2002)

An Administrative History, Padre Island National Seashore (PDF) (HTML edition) (W. Dwayne Jones, 1999)

Administrative History, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial National Historic Site (PDF) (HTML edition) (Sharon A. Brown, June 1984)

Urban Innovation and Practical Partnerships: An Administrative History of Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, 1980-1991 (PDF) (HTML edition) (Bob Moore, 1994)


Apostle Islands National Lakeshore

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Devils Island Light Station (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Hadland Fish Camp (June 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Hansen Fishery/Farm (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Hokenson Brothers Fishery (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Long Island Light Station (June 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Manitou Fish Camp (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Michigan Island Light Station (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Outer Island Light Station (July 2014)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Raspberry Island Light Station, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (1999)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Rocky Island Fishing/Summer Community, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (1999)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Sand Island Light Station (July 2014)

Early Agriculture Within the Boundaries of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore: An Overview of Bear, Ironwood, Michigan, Oak, Otter, Raspberry, Rocky, South Twin and Stockton Islands and the Mainland Unit (Additional Information for Basswood Island Also Included) (Arnold R. Alanen, June 1985)

Historical Context Study: Great Lakes Navigation and Navigational Aids (Theodore J. Karamanski, 2017)

Historic Furnishing Study, Package No. 150: Hokenson Fishing Dock, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Wisconsin (David L. Fritz, February 1984)

Historic Resource Study, Hokenson Fishing Dock, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Wisconsin (David L. Fritz, February 1984)

Historic Structure Report, Architectural Data Section, Package No. 150: Hokenson Fish Dock Buildings, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Little Sand Bay, Wisconsin (Michele M. Benda, November 1978)

Historic Structure Report, Historical Data Section, Package No. 150: Hokenson Fishing Dock, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Wisconsin (David L. Fritz, February 1984)

Historic Structure Report: Raspberry Island Lighthouse (Historic Structure 08-103A), Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Wisconsin (Quinn Evans Architects, December 2000)

The Shaw-Hill Farm Site On Sand Island (Apostle Islands National Lakeshore): Biographical and Site-Related Information (Arnold R. Alanen, June 1990)


Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, 2007 (Daniel J. Stynes, March 2009)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Apostle Islands National Lakeshroe, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, July 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Arches National Park, 2003 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2005)

Economic Impacts of Badlands National Park Visitor Spending on the Local Economy, 2000 (Dennis Propst, Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2002)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Biscayne National Park, 2001 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2003)

Cane River National Heritage Area: Visitor Characteristics and Economic Impacts (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, May 2004)

Economic Impacts of Carlsbad Caverns National Park on the Local (Eddy County, NM) Economy, 2002 (Daniel J. Stynes, February 2003)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Capulin Volcano National Monument, 2003 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2005)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Chickasaw National Recreation Area, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2008)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park, 2003 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2005)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Colonial National Historical Park, 2001 (Daniel J. Stynes Ya-Yen Sun, January 2003)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Congaree National Park, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, August 2007)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Crater Lake National Park, 2001 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, November 2002)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Effigy Mounds National Monument, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2006)

Essex National Heritage Area: Visitor Characteristics and Economic Impacts (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, February 5, 2004)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Fort Stanwix National Monument, 2003 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2005)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site, 2007 (Daniel J. Stynes, March 2009)

Economic Impacts of Gettysburg National Military Park/Eisenhower National Historic Site Visitor Spending on the Local Economy, 2000 (Daniel J. Stynes, Ya-Yen Sun and Dennis Propst, January 2002)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: George Washington Birthplace National Monument, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, 2007 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2009)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Golden Spike National Historic Site, 2006 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2008)

Economic Impacts of Grand Canyon National Park Visitor Spending on the Local Economy, 2003 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, January 2005)

Economic Impacts of Great Smoky Mountains National Park Visitors on the Local Region, 1997-2000 (Daniel J. Stynes, February 2002)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2007)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Johnstown Flood National Memorial, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, October 2007)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Joshua Tree National Park, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Kings Mountain National Military Park, 2006 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2008)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Lava Beds National Monument, 2007 (Daniel J. Stynes, March 2009)

Lackawanna Valley National Heritage Area Visitor Survey and Economic Impact Analysis (Daniel Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, April 15, 2004)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Lincoln Home National Historic Site, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, August 2007)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Manzanar National Historic Site, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Monocacy National Battlefield, 2006 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2008)

Economic Impacts of Visitors to Mount Rainier National Park, 2000 (Ya-Yen Sun, Daniel J. Stynes and Dennis B. Propst, January 2002)

Visitor Awareness and Economic Impacts of MotorCities Hub Sites: Providing a Baseline for Michigan's Automobile National Heritage Area (Gail A. Vander Stoep, Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen-Sun, April 2004)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Nicodemus National Historic Site, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, October 2007)

Economic Impacts of Visitors to Olympic National Park, 2000 (Daniel J. Stynes, Dennis Propst and Ya-Yen Sun, December 2001)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, 2001 (Daniel J. Stynes Ya-Yen Sun, May 2003)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site, 2004 (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2006)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, 2002 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, November 2003)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Valley Forge National Historical Park, 2001 (Daniel J. Stynes and Ya-Yen Sun, May 2003)

Economic Impacts of Women's Rights National Historical Park on Seneca County (Daniel J. Stynes, June 2000)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Yellowstone National Park, 2006 (Daniel J. Stynes, May 2008)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Yosemite National Park, 2005 (Daniel J. Stynes, January 2007)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Yosemite National Park, 2007 Winter Season (Daniel J. Stynes, January 2009)

Impacts of Visitor Spending on the Local Economy: Zion National Park, 2006 (Daniel J. Stynes, September 2008)


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