Copyright, National Japanese American Memorial Foundation
(©National Japanese American Memorial Foundation)


National Park Service History Electronic Library

The NPS History Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the history of the National Park Service (NPS) and the cultural and natural history of the national parks, monuments, and historic sites of the U.S. National Park System. The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official NATIONAL PARK SERVICE Website for current/additional information. While we are not affiliated with the National Park Service, we gratefully acknowledge the contributions by park employees and advocates, which has enabled us to create this free digital repository.

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The Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II was built as a lasting tribute to the more than 33,000 Japanese American soldiers who served the United States of America during World War Two. The memorial also pays tribute to the more than 120,000 persons of Japanese ancestry who were unjustly relocated in American confinement sites during the Second World War. After the Empire of Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, in 1941, the weight of wartime fears mixed with racism motivated the U.S. Government to intern persons of Japanese ancestry from the western part of the United States to remote, inland internment camps for the duration of the war. While their families were placed behind barbed wire fences, thousands of Nisei (second generation Japanese Americans) fought in Europe as part of the legendary 442nd Regimental Combat Team or provided critical information to the war effort in the Pacific from captured Japanese documents as part of the U.S. Military Intelligence Service. This patriotic story is immortalized here in granite and bronze.

New eLibrary Additions
Featured Article
magazine cover
Lest We Forget
(Katherine DeGroff, National Parks, Spring 2021, ©NPCA)

A Slice of Early Seward: How Archeology Provides a Glimpse into Daily Life in this Frontier Town (Dan Trepal, 2013)

Cultural Landscape Report: Signal Hill and Field Hospital at the Wallis Farm, Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park 85% Draft (Quinn Evans, February 2021)

Historic Structure Report: Creque Marine Railway Head House and Residence, Virgin Islands National Park (Julie Duggins, Janet Rozick, Elayne Anderson, Helen Juergens, Christopher Cheny, Ileana Olmos, Chris Baker and Brett Brumbaugh, January 28, 2021)

Historic Resource Study: Pullman National Historical Monument, Town of Pullman, Chicago, Illinois (Laura Walikainen Rouleau, Sarah Fayen Scarlett, Steven A. Walton and Timothy J. Scarlett, December 31, 2019)

Forest Bird Population Trends Within Haleakalā National Park Hawai'i Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report HCSU-097 (Kevin W. Brinck, September 2020)

Selected Alpine and Subalpine Wind Research Summaries, 1973-1974, Rocky Mountain National Park, Estes Park, CO (D.E. Glidden, 1982)

Ruins at "Aztec Springs" (William C. Holmes, extract from Tenth Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey, 1878)

Forecasting and Seismic Detection of Proglacial Debris Flows at Mount Rainier National Park, Washington, USA (Scott R. Beason, Nicholas T. Legg, Taylor R. Kenyon and Robert P. Jost, extract from Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, Vol. XXVII, No. 1, February 2021, ©The Geological Society of America)

Cultural Landscape Report: Mammoth Cave Historic District, Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky 100% Draft (Panamerican Consultants, Inc., Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc. and Liz Sargent, March 2021)

Cultural Landscape Report: Battleground National Cemetery (Michael Commisso, May 2014)

Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado Natural History Handbook Series No. 3 (Edwin C. Alberts, 1954 revised 1963)

Movements of Coyotes From and To Yellowstone National Park Special Scientific Report: Wildlife No. 11 (Weldon B. Robinson and Maynard W. Cummings, December 1951)

Visitor Characteristics Across and Within Seasons at Joshua Tree National Park: 2019 Research Report (Elizabeth E. Perry, Matthew T.J. Brownlee, Robert Powell and Ryan Sharp, November 2020)

The Tsetse Flies of Florissant, Colorado Pikes Peak Research Station Bulletin No. 1 (F. Martin Brown, May 31, 1986)

Plants of the Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Pikes Peak Research Station Bulletin No. 2 (Mary E. Edwards and William A. Weber, 1990)

Ecological Risk Assessment of Managed Relocation as a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/NRR-2021/2241 (Aviv Karasov-Olson, Mark W. Schwartz, Julian D. Olden, Sarah Skikne, Jessica J. Hellmann, Sarah Allen, Christy Brigham, Danielle Buttke, David J. Lawrence, Abraham J. Miller-Rushing, Jeffrey T. Morisette, Gregor W. Schuurman4d, Melissa Trammell and Cat Hawkins Hoffman, March 2021)

Archeological Survey of Lower Vine Ranch, Death Valley National Monument Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC) Publications in Anthropology No. 46 (Krista Deal and Lynne M. D'Ascenzo, 1987)

Archeological Survey and Testing at Petrified Forest National Park, 1987 Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC) Publications in Anthropology No. 48 (Susan J. Wells, 1988)

Archeological Survey and Architectural Study of Montezuma Castle National Monument, 1988 Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC) Publications in Anthropology No. 50 (Susan J. Wells and Keith M. Anderson, 1988)

Petrified Forest National Park Boundary Survey, 1988: The Final Season (Susan J. Wells, 1989)

Vulnerability of National Park Service Beaches to Inundation during a Direct Hurricane Landfall: Cumberland Island National Seashore U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1387 (Hilary F. Stockdon, David M. Thompson and Laura A. Fauver, October 2007)

The Newspaper Bonanza: How to Discover Alaska's Past in Newspaper Databases (Chris Allan, March 2021, Alaska Historical Society)

Geologic Field-Trip Guide to the Volcanic and Hydrothermal Landscape of the Yellowstone Plateau U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5022-P (Lisa A. Morgan, W.C. Pat Shanks, Jacob B. Lowenstern, Jamie M. Farrell and Joel E. Robinson, 2017)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment Cuyahoga Valley National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/CUVA/NRR—2021/2243 (David S. Jones, Roy Cook, John Sovell, Matt Ley, Hannah Pilkington, David Weinzimmer, Pamela Smith and Carlos Linares, March 2021)

Status of White Pines Across Five Western National Park Units: Initial Assessment of Stand Structure and Condition NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/KLMN/NRR—2021/2232 (Matthew J. Reilly, Jonathan C. B. Nesmith, Sean B. Smith, Devin S. Stucki and Erik S. Jules, February 2021)

Trends in Water Quality of Cave Pools at Timpanogos Cave National Monument, July 2008–September 2018 NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCPN/NRR—2020/2181 (Rebecca Weissinger, Andy Armstrong, Kirsten Bahr and Chris Groves, October 2020)

Annual Climate Summary 2018 — Arctic Inventory and Monitoring Network NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/ARCN/NRDS-2021/1318 (Pamela J. Sousanes and Ken Hill, March 2021)

Annual Climate Summary 2018 — Central Alaska Network NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/CAKN/NRDS-2020/1266 (Pamela J. Sousanes and Ken Hill, February 2020)

National Sign System Study (September 1987)

Archeological Reconnaissance of the Casey-Clark Tract and Survey of Proposed Trail Segments, Buffalo National River, Newton County, Arkansas (Roger E. Coleman, 1986)

Archeological Investigations of the Proposed Pruitt and Tyler Bend Development Areas, Buffalo National River, Arkansas (Jim Bradford, April 1979)

Archeological Investigations at Old Munising (20Ar192): A Nineteenth-Century Company Town Midwest Archeological Center Occasional Studies in Anthropology No. 28 (Jeffrey J. Richner, Tim Perttula and Chris Schoen, 1992)

The Interior Building: Its Architecture and Its Art (David W. Look and Carole L. Perrault, 1986)

Art and Burials in Ancient Ohio: A Tour of the Mound City Necropolis (Eastern National Park & Monument Association, undated)

Guide to Serpent Mound (Emerson F. Greenman, 1964, The Ohio Historical Society)

Terrestrial and Airborne LiDAR Digital Documentation of Kosciuszko Mine, Ninety Six National Historic Site Digital Heritage and Humanities Collections Faculty and Staff Publications 10 (Lori Collins, Travis Doering and Jorge Gonzalez, 2015)

Bears of Brooks River 2021: A Guide to their Identification, Lives, and Habits (2021)

CCC Forestry (H.R. Kylie, G.H. Hieronymus and A.G. Hall, 1937)

Birds of the Superior National Forest (Janet C. Green and Gerald J. Niemi, 1980)

The Great 1910 Fires of Idaho and Montana: Day Trip Guide to Historic Sites iin Idaho and Montana (June 2010)

An Overview of Archeological Resources in Region One National Forests in Northern Idaho Final Report: Salmon River to the Canadian Line (David G. rice, Mary Giddings and Signe Johnson, November 1, 1974)

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park

Historic Structure Report: 53-55 Boulevard, NE (Duplex), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Historic Structure Report: 443-445 Edgewood Avenue,, SE (Commercial Building), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Historic Structure Report: 472-474 Auburn Avenue, NE (Duplex), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Historic Structure Report: 476-478 Auburn Avenue, NE (Duplex), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Historic Structure Report: 492-494 Auburn Avenue, NE (House), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Historic Structure Report: 514 Auburn Avenue, NE (House), Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historical Park (February 2020)

Proposed Park Studies

Featured Publication
book cover
cover only

Underground Ranger
(Doug Thompson, 2016)

Reconnaissance Report on Chassahowitzka Springs and River, Citrus County, Florida (C.R. Vinten, October 12, 1961)

Specific Area Report: Proposed Chassahowitzka Springs National Monument, Florida (September 1962)

Kauai National Park, Hawaii — A Proposal (1965)

Feasibility and Economic Impact Study: Proposed Na Pali National Park, Island of Kauai, State of Hawaii (Harland Bartholomew and Associates, June 1964)

Proposed Zachary Taylor Home National Historic Site (1973)

Feasibility Study for Pigeon's Ranch, Glorieta Pass Battlefield, New Mexico (July 1985)

Cambria Iron Works, Johnstown, Pennsylvania: Study of Alternatives (May 1988)

Wounded Knee, South Dakota: Draft Study of Alternatives/Environmental Assessment (January 1993)

Balls Bluff Battlefield, Virginia: Concept Plan (1986)

Special Resource Study, Volume I: Reconnaissance Survey, Bramwell, West Virginia (December 1992)

Tensaw River Swamp, Alabama: Specific Area Study (October 1960)

Progress Report and Supplemental Data to Preliminary Development Plan for Blanchard Springs Caverns, Ozark-St. Francis National Forests, Arkansas (revised September 1970)

Draft Feasibility Report and Environmental Assessment: Desert National Scenic Trail (May 1980)

Irvine Coast / Laguna, California: New Area Study of Alternatives (Executive Summary) (May 1979)

The Plan for Recreation Development: Lake Berryessa, California (August 1972)

Ridgelands, California: New Area Feasibility Study (January 1980)

Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District, Colorado: Draft Study of Alternatives (September 1989)

Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District, Colorado: Draft Study of Alternatives (Summary) (July 1989)

Pass Manchac Swamp, Lousiana: Specific Area Study (September 1960)

New England Heritage: The Connecticut River National Recreation Area Study (July 1968)

Gaviota Coast: Draft Feasibility Study & Environmental Assessment (April 2003)

Cedar Valley, Iowa: Special Resource Study (September 1995)

Virginia Key Beach Park, Florida: Special Resource Study (September 2008)

Report of Study of Grasslands of the Great Plains (F.W. Albertson, August 1956)

Park Newspapers

Pa-Hay-Okee: Visitor Guide to South Florida's National Park Areas — Winter 1987

Singing Sands Almanac: Indian Dunes National Lakeshore — Nov.-Dec. 1980

The Guide: Grand Canyon National Park — March 18-April 14, 1984May 25-June 9, 1984

The Gateway Guide: Jefferson National Expansion Memorial — Summer 1982Fall 1984

Glacier Times: Glacier National Park — May-June 1980Winter c1980

Waterton-Glacier Times: Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park — 1983

Petrified Forest Press: Petrified Forest National Park — c1980

Teewinot: The Grand Teton National Park Newspaper — June-July 1978August-September 1979

Visitor Guide: A Guide to the Carlsbad-Guadalupe Mountains Area — c1980

In The Park: Wright Brothers National Monument/Fort Raleigh National Historic Site/Cape Hatteras National Seashore — Summer 1983

Canyon Overlook: Canyon de Chelly National Monument — 1984

Rocky Mountain Highlights: visitor's guide for what to see and do in Rocky Mountain National Park — September 1987

Mount Rushmore Voice — Summer 1987

Guide to: Great Smoky Mountains National Park — Summer 1983

Caribou Trails — News from the Western Arctic Caribou Herd Working Group: 2002200320052006-2007200820102011201220132014201520162017201820192020

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Please Note: is an independent effort; we are not an official partner of the National Park Service (NPS), though a huge debt of gratitude is extended to all NPS employees (current and former) and other park supporters who have graciously contributed their personal collections, thus enabling us to present these rather scarce documents for free public use. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials presented. While most of the content contained herein is in the public domain, the Website also contains copyrighted works (permission to host this content has been obtained from the copyright-holders); please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Use of this Website is done so at your own risk; we are not responsible for any loss or damage arising from information or links contained within this site.

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