Nature Notes

Volume VII No. 3 - September, 1934

Applegate's Paint-brush On Applegate Peak
By Elmer I. Applegate, Ranger-Naturalist

Last winter at Stanford University, while preparing labels for my 1933 collection of Crater lake plants, I was struck by the unusual repetition of a name on one of them. The label reads something like this:

Name of plant:Castilleja Applegatei.
Locality:Applegate Peak.
Collector:Elmer I. Applegate.

The plant was named for me by Dr. M. L. Fernald of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University, based upon a collection made by me on the summit of Mount Scott, in August, 1896.

To complete the story, I might add that Mount Scott was named for Levi Scott, a member of my grandfather Applegate's expedition in the initial exploration of southern Oregon and the blazing of the Applegate Trail in 1846.

An Oregon Jay Gets A Thrill
By J. Stanley Brode, Ranger-Naturalist

On August 20 an Oregon Jay attempting to light on the ridgepole of our tent apparently missed his landing and lighting on the slope, continued sliding on down to the edge, where it took flight. Now, if that had occurred only once it might have been construed as an accident. But apparently they jay was as thrill hungry as the modern generation is reputed to be, for it came back to try the slide again. Three times the performance was repeated, and then our sliding jay betook himself to other means of amusement.

(From the Lake Below Cloudcap)

By Ernest G. Moll, Ranger-Naturalist

Great bird of fire, cold now, and gray, and lone,
Ten thousand years have seen you never wake,
Ten thousand more shall know your breast of stone,
Brooding far up above the silent lake.

A Buried Log In Rogue River Tuffs And Agglomerates
By Warren D. Smith, Ranger-Naturalist

On July 27, 1934, Nelson Reed and the writer went down the Rogue River about one mile below where the Diamond Lake Road crosses Rogue River to investigate a newly discovered buried log site. At the place indicated, Mr. Reed had discovered a buried log in the tuff and agglomerate on the west bank of the Rogue River. The log is of cedar, nearly three feet in diameter, with some six to eight feet exposed, standing nearly vertical, and embedded with some sixty to seventy feet of fragmental material above it. The upper part of this log is charred, while the lower one to two feet is apparently little changed; it appears that the tree was quickly entombed and hermetically sealed by hot material. This tree was evidently standing and probably alive and flourishing when the explosive material was thrown out, and the blast seems to have pushed the tree down the slope at an angle of 74° away from the center of disturbance. This find ties up very well with the discovery made by Mr. D. S. Libbey farther east on the Diamond Lake Road, but in this find we have a standing, instead of prone log. Furthermore, this tree bole is only partly carbonized.

Specimens of the unaltered wood from this tree were submitted to Doctor E. I. Applegate, Ranger-Naturalist, and Mr. Shirley Allen of the United States Forest Service and both pronounced it as "most likely" cedar. It is quite probable that much the same type of forest as is now growing there was growing in this region prior to the time of entombment of this specimen. This locality is now covered with a magnificent Douglas Fir forest in which many cedars are found.

Below is a sketch of the deposit and the long as partly exposed by the river under-cutting the bank.

cross-section of road cut

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