Guadalupe Mountains
National Park
Park Photo
NPS photo

Guadalupe Mountains National Park preserves the rugged spirit and remote wilderness of the American West. Here in the ancient Guadalupe Mountains, which tower majestically into the Texas sky, you can delight in the grand views, diverse landscapes, and small pleasures.

The Guadalupe Mountains are among the best examples of a marine fossil reef. Geologists come from around the world to marvel at this extraordinary phenomenon that formed 260-270 million years ago.

During that time a tropical ocean covered portions of what is now Texas and New Mexico. Over millions of years calcareous sponges, algae, and other lime-secreting marine organisms precipitated from the seawater. Along with lime, they built up to form the 400-mile-long, horseshoe-shaped Capitan Reef.

Eventually the sea evaporated. As the reef subsided, it was buried in a thick blanket of sediments and mineral salts. The reef was entombed for millions of years until a mountain-building uplift exposed part of it. Today this ancient reef complex towers above the Texas desert in the Guadalupe Mountains. Other parts of the reef are exposed in the Apache Mountains and the Glass Mountains.

Guadalupe People

Nde (Mescalero Apache), pioneers, explorers, stagecoach drivers, US Army troops, ranchers, and conservationists are part of Guadalupe Mountains' colorful history. Until the mid-1800s these remote highlands were the exclusive domain of the Nde, who hunted and camped here.

Later, explorers and pioneers saw the mountains as an important landmark, valuing their water and shelter. But the Nde did not welcome the intrusion of new people. In 1849 the US Army began a campaign against them that lasted 30 years. The mountains became a sanctuary from the soldiers and a staging ground for their attacks. By 1880 the Nde had been driven from the mountains.

Amidst this conflict, Butterfield stagecoaches began carrying mail through the mountains on the nation's first transcontinental mail route.

Later, ranches developed around the Guadalupes. In the 1920s geologist Wallace Pratt bought land in McKittrick Canyon, and in 1959 donated his land to the National Park Service. More land was acquired from J.C. Hunter. In 1972 Congress created Guadalupe Mountains National Park.

The bloom of a cactus flower. . . the thunder-and-light show of a summer storm . . . the howl of a coyote at dusk, . . . a lizard basking in the warm morning sun, . . .

The Desert

Surrounding the Guadalupe Mountains are the sparsely populated plains of the Chihuahuan Desert. This vast arid realm extends south for hundreds of miles into Mexico. The Chihuahuan Desert receives between 10 and 20 inches of rain a year; in summer, temperatures rise to 90°F and above. Although it may look barren at first glance, the desert is full of life. Many of the Chihuahuan Desert's most common plants and animals are found in the park. Agaves, prickly pear cacti, walking-stick chollas, yuccas, and sotol are abundant, and lizards, snakes, coyotes, and mule deer are seen frequently. Adapting to this demanding environment is the key to survival.

The reflection of tall trees in a sparkling pool . . . rugged walls of rock sheltering a streamside woodland . . . a mule deer browsing quietly at the edge of a patch of woods . . . brightly colored autumn leaves rustling in the wind. . . .

The Canyons

The deep, sheer-sided canyons of the Guadalupes shelter an impressive diversity of plants and animals. This variety is displayed in its greatest splendor in McKittrick Canyon. Lying between the desert and the highlands, McKittrick, like other canyons here, has a mix of life that is part desert, part canyon woodland, and part highland forest. Prickly pear cacti, willows, Texas madrones, Texas walnuts, alligator junipers, and ponderosa pines grow here. Wildlife includes jackrabbits, coyotes, porcupines, gray foxes, mule deer, mountain lions, and elk. Mild temperatures and protection from the sun and wind provided by the cliffs nurture this canyon community. McKittrick Canyon's spring-fed stream is bordered by gray oak, velvet ash, and bigtooth maple. In fall the colorful foliage creates a scene reminiscent of northern woods. McKittrick Canyon exudes a rare lushness in this part of Texas.

The solitude of a mountaintop pine-fir forest . . . the bugle of a bull elk in autumn . . . sweeping views from rocky 8,000-foot-high peaks . . . tracks that tell of a mountain lion's passing. . . .

The Highlands

In the mountain highcountry thrives a dense forest of ponderosa pine, southwestern white pine, Douglas fir, and aspen. This forest began here about 15,000 years ago when the prevailing climate throughout Texas was cooler and moister. As the climate warmed, fragments of this forest survived in the higher elevations of mountains like the Guadalupes. The forest is especially lush in the Bowl, a two-mile-wide depression atop the Guadalupe Mountains. Elk, mule deer, wild turkeys, vultures, mountain lions, black bears, golden eagles, and peregrine falcons roam this highland wilderness.

Planning Your Visit

park map
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The Basics The park is in west Texas on US 62/180, 110 miles east of El Paso and 55 miles southwest of Carlsbad, NM. The nearest food, lodging, gasoline, and services are 35 miles northeast on US 62/180 at Whites City.

Information Pine Springs Visitor Center, open daily except December 25, offers restrooms, drinking water, publications, exhibits, and activity schedules. Information, restrooms, and water are also available at Dog Canyon and McKittrick Canyon. Visit for details.


Backpacking There are 10 backcountry campgrounds; a free permit is required, available at Pine Springs Visitor Center or Dog Canyon. No water is available in the backcountry. Pets are not allowed. Cook only on campstoves.

Camping Camping is available year-round, first-come, first-served, at Pine Springs and Dog Canyon. Both offer water, accessible restrooms, tables, and sites for tents and RVs (no dump station or hook-up). Fee.

Frijole Ranch History Museum Learn about the people who have lived in and around the Guadalupe Mountains. The site includes a springhouse, schoolhouse, bunkhouse, barn, and picnic area. Free; open intermittently.

The Pinery See the ruins of a mid-1800s Butterfield stagecoach station. Reach them directly off US 62/180 or by paved trail from Pine Springs Visitor Center; the 0.7-mile roundtrip trail is wheelchair-accessible.

Williams Ranch The road to Williams Ranch is open only to four-wheel-drive vehicles. The road partially follows the historic Butterfield stage route and leads to a ranch site in the shadow of the mountains' western escarpment. To visit, check out a key to the entrance gates at Pine Springs Visitor Center.

Accessibility We strive to make our facilities, services, and programs accessible to all. For information visit, go to the visitor center, ask a ranger, or call the park.

Highlights of Some Park Trails

The park has over 80 miles of trails for you to explore. Hikers and horseback riders are welcome; 60 percent of the park trails are open to horse use (no horse rentals in park). Trails vary in length and difficulty. Trails to the highcountry are steep and rough; the ascent may be as much as 3,000 feet. Desert and canyon trails are less strenuous. Pets and bikes are not allowed on trails or in the backcountry. Visit or contact the park for information.

Manzanita Spring Easy: 0.4 mile roundtrip. This trail is wheelchair-accessible.

Smith Spring Moderate: 2.3 miles roundtrip. Watch for birds, mule deer, and elk on your way to this shady oasis.

McKittrick Canyon Moderate: 4.8 miles roundtrip to Pratt Cabin; 6.8 miles roundtrip to the Grotto; day use only. Enjoy a surprising variety of plants and animals along this canyon trail. Please stay on the trail and out of the fragile stream.

Guadalupe Peak Strenuous: 8.4 miles roundtrip; 3,000-foot elevation gain. Spectacular views reward those who reach the summit of 8,749-foot Guadalupe Peak, the highest in Texas.

The Bowl Strenuous: 9.3 miles roundtrip. Take this trail to see a highcountry forest of pine and Douglas fir 2,500 feet above the desert.

Safety First • Be prepared for sudden weather changes. High winds are common in winter and spring; thunderstorms with lightning are frequent in summer. Avoid open areas during storms. Check the forecast before setting out. • Hikers should carry plenty of water, at least one gallon of water per person per day. Stay on trails. Trekking poles are recommended for strenuous hikes. • Climbing cliffs is very dangerous—the rock is unstable. Technical climbing requires a permit.

• Watch for cacti, rattlesnakes, scorpions, and centipedes; be careful where you put your hands and feet. • Wood and charcoal fires are prohibited; use campstoves. • Pets must be leashed at all times; they are not allowed on trails or in the backcountry.

• Do not disturb wildlife or plants or remove or deface natural or cultural features; all are protected by federal law. • For firearms regulations ask a ranger or check the park website.

Wilderness in the Guadalupe Mountains

Congress has designated nearly 47,000 acres (over half of the park) for protection under the 1964 Wilderness Act. It is the largest wilderness area in Texas.

Wilderness is meant to protect forever the land's natural conditions, opportunities for solitude and primitive recreation, and scientific, educational, and historical values. In wilderness people can sense being a part of the whole community of life on Earth. Preserving wilderness shows restraint and humility and benefits generations that follow us. Learn more at

Source: NPS Brochure (2014)


Guadalupe Mountains National Park — October 15, 1966

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A Basis for Facility Development at Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas Tech University Research Report No. 1 (John M. Gosdin, January 1970)

A Technological Analysis of Lithic Assemblages from Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Richard Boisvert, extract from Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society, Vol. 54, 1983, ©Texas Archeological Society)

Amphibians and Reptiles of Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico, and Adjacent Guadalupe Mountains (Frederick R. Gehlbach, 1964)

An Analysis of the Ceramics of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Alan L. Phelps, extract from Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society, Vol. 45, 1974, ©Texas Archeological Society)

An Inventory and Assessment of Archaeological Sites in the High Country of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas Archaeological Survey Report No. 36 (Paul R. Katz, Center for Archaeological Research, 1978)

Area Investigation Report on a Proposed Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas HTML edition) (September 1963)

Backcountry/Wilderness Management Plan and Environmental Assessment, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (April 1995)

Bibliography, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Paul D. Hutchison, February 1977)

Biological Investigations in the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas NPS Proceedings and Transactions Series No. 4 (Hugh H. Genoways and Robert J. Baker, eds., 1979; Proceedings of a Symposium held at Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, April 4-5, 1975)

Editor's Note

Welcome (J. Knox Jones, Jr.)

Introduction (Roland H. Wauer)

Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park (John P. Brand and Alonzo D. Jacka)

Late Pleistocene Plant Communities in the Guadalupe Mountains, Culberson County, Texas (Thomas R. Van Devender, W. Geoffrey Spaulding, and Arthur M. Phillips, III)

Preliminary Report of the Ecology of Fire Study, Guadalupe Mountains and Carlsbad Caverns National Parks (Gary M. Ahlstrand)

The Guadalupe Mountains—A Chink in the Mosaic of the Chihuahuan Desert? (Marshall C. Johnston)

Summary of the Vegetative Zones of the Guaoalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (David K. Northington and Tony L. Burgess)

Status of Rare and Endangered Plant Species of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (David K. Northington and Tony L. Burgess)

Agave—Complex of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Putative Hybridization Between Members of Different Subgenera (Tony L. Burgess)

The Land and Freshwater Mollusca of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Richard W. Fullington)

Plusiotis woodi and Plusiotis gloriosa (Scarabaeidae): First Report of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Richard W. Fullington and Don Harrington)

Notes on the Bionomics and Nest Structure of Pogonomyrmex maricopa Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (James V. Moody and David E. Foster)

Limnology of McKittrick Creek, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Owen T. Lind)

The Quaternary Vertebrate Fauna of Upper Sloth Cave, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Lloyd E. Logan and Craig C. Black)

Environmental Implications of Herpetofaunal Remains From Archeological Sites West of Carlsbad, New Mexico (John S. Applegarth)

The Biogeographical Relationships of the Amphjbians and Reptiles of the Guadalupe Mountains (John S. Mecham)

Compositional Aspects of Breeding Avifaunas in Selected Woodlands of the Southern Guadalupe Mountains, Texas (George A. Newman)

Post-Pleistocene Mammals From Pratt Cave and Their Environmental Significance (Ernest L. Lundelius, Jr.)

Ground Sloth Dung of the Guadalupe Mountains (W. Geoffrey Spaulding and Paul S. Martin)

Mammals of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Hugh H. Genoways, Robert J. Baker and John E. Cornely)

Demographic Patterns of Small Mammals, a Possible Use in Impact Assessment (Peter V. August, John W. Clarke, M. Houston McGaugh, and Robert L. Packard)

Population Size of Tadarida brasiliensis at Carlsbad Caverns in 1973 (J. Scott Altenbach, Kenneth N. Geluso, and Don £: Wilson)

Coexistence of Two Species of Kangaroo Rats (Genus Dipodomys) in the Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Margaret A. O'Connell)

Ecological Distribution of Woodrats (Genus Neotoma) in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (John E. Cornely)

Status of the Guadalupe Mountains Vole, Microtus mexicanus guadalupensis (Dallas E. Wilhelm, Jr.)

Food Habits of Mule Deer on Foothills of Carlsbad Caverns National Park (Walter H. Kittams, Stanley L. Evans, and Derrick C. Cooke)

Biomes of the Guadalupe Escarpment: Vegetation, Lizards, and Human Impact (Frederick R. Gehlbach)

Research in National Parks (Robert J. Baker and Hugh H. Genoways)

Birds of the Guadalupe Mountain Region of Western Texas Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology No. 8—Louisiana State University (Thomas D. Burleigh and George H. Lowery, Jr., August 20, 1940)

Buffalo Soldiers and Apaches in the Guadalupe Mountains: A Review of Research at Pine Springs Camp (Eleanor King and Justin Dunnavant, extract from Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society, Vol. 79, 200, ©Texas Archeological Society8)

Butterfield Overland Trail National Historic Trail Special Resource Study (May 2018)

Capitan Reef Complex Structure and Stratigraphy (Allan Standen, Steve Finch, Randy Williams and Beronica Lee-Brand, Texas Water Development Board, September 2009)

Caves Along the Slope of the Guadalupe Mountains (E.B. Howard, extract from Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society, Vol. 4, September 1932, ©Texas Archeological Society)

Cultural Landscape Report for the Frijole Ranch, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Peggy Ss. Froeschauer, October 1995)

Cultural Landscapes Inventory: Ship on the Desert, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (2011)

Cultural Landscapes of McKittrick Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (©Kimberly A. Sawyer, Master's Thesis, Texas Tech University, May 2001)

Descriptive Geomorphology of the Guadalupe Mountains, South-Central New Mexico and West Texas Baylor Geological Studies Bulletin No. 43 (Cleavy L. McKnight, Spring 1986)

Ecology of Elk and Mule Deer in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (John D. Moody, Leslie J. Krysl and C. David Simpson, undated)

Ethnographic Overview and Assessment of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Adolph M. Greenberg, September 12, 1996)

Fire Management Plan, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (August 2005, updated February 2012)

Foundation Document, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (August 2017)

Foundation Document Overview, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (January 2017)

General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (August 2012)

Geologic Map of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (December 2007)

Geologic Resource Evaluation Report, Guadalupe Mountains National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR-2008/023 (K. KellerLynn, February 2008)

Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico USGS Professional Paper 446 (Philip Thayer Hayes, 1964)

Geology of the Southern Guadalupe Mountains, Texas USGS Professional Paper 215 (Philip B. King, 1948)

Guadalupe Mountains National Park: An Administrative History (HTML edition) Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers No. 19 (Judith K. Fabry, 1988)

Guide to the Permian Reef Geology Trail, McKittrick Canyon, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (HTML edition) Texas Bureau of Economic Geology Guidebook 26 (Don G. Bebout and Charles Kerans, eds., 1993)

Historic Resource Study, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Benjamin Levy, May 1971)

Historic Structure Report: Pratt Cabin, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (University of Arizona, May 2012)

Historic Structure Report: Williams Ranch, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (University of Arizona, June 2013)

Identification Guide to the Fossils of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Mary Carol Coleman and Cameron Coleman, undated)

Junior Ranger Program, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Date Unknown)

Junior Ranger Program, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (2019)

Land Protection Plan, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (February 1992)

Living on the Land: 11,000 Years of Human Adaptation in Southeastern New Mexico Cultural Resource Series No. 6 (Lynne Sebastian and Signa Larralde, January 1989)

Mammals of the Guadalupe Mountains of Western Texas Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology No. 7—Louisiana State University (William B. Davis, July 10, 1940)

Master Plan, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (May 1973)

Mountain Lion Management Plana and Environmental Assessment, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico/Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (April 1986)

Mountain Lion Population Trends Monitoring in Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks (Tim Smith, Ronald Duke and Michael Kutilek, Harvey & Stanley Associates, Inc., March 18, 1988)

Mountain Lions (Felix concolor) in the Vicinity of Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks: An Ecological Study (Final Report) (Abstract) (Harvey and Stanley Associates, Inc., March 6, 1986)

National Register of Historic Places Nomination Forms

Guadalupe Ranch (Frijole Ranch, Rader/Smith Ranch) (Dwight Pitcaithley, August 1977)

McKittrick Canyon Archaeological District (Access Restricted, 2013-2017)

Pinery Station (Butterfield Stage Station) (David G. Battle, February 1974)

Wallace E. Pratt Residence (Ship on the Desert) (Fred Armstrong, Carrie Mardorf, Rachel Leibowitz and Gregory Smith, June 2, 2011)

Wallace Pratt Lodge (David G. Battle, February 1974)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Guadalupe Mountains National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/GUMO/NRR-2013/668 (Kathleen Kilkus, Andrew J. Nadeau, Shannon Amberg, Sarah Gardner, Michael R. Komp, Barry Drazkowski and Melanie Myers, June 2013)

Park Newspaper



2004: SummerFall

2005: SummerFall

2006: SummerFall

2007: SummerFall

2009: Fall-Winter

2010: Spring-Summer

2012: Summer

2013: Spring-SummerFall-Winter

2015: Winter-SpringSummer-Fall

2016: Winter-SpringSummer-Fall

2017: Winter-SpringFall-Winter

2018: Spring-Summer

2019: Spring-SummerFall-Winter


Physical Resources Stewardship Report, Guadalupe Mountains National Park NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NRPC/NRTR-2008/121 (Don Weeks, Deanna Greco and Ellen Porter, September 2008)

Pine Springs Final Development Concept Plan, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (September 20, 1976)

Promise Beheld and the Limits of Place: A Historic Resource Study of Carlsbad Caverns and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks and the Surrounding Areas (Hal K. Rothman, 1998)

Protecting the National Parks in Texas Through Enforcement of Water Quality Standards: an Exploratory Analysis NPS Technical Report NPS/NRWRD/NRTR-94/18 (Ronald A. Kaiser, Steven E. Alexander and J. Porter Hammitt, November 1994)

Relocate Amenities at Frijole Ranch Complex Environmental Assessment (June 2009)

Report on Mountain Lion Survey, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Robert McBride, c1981)

Research Opportunities in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (January 26, 1987)

Resource Stewardship Strategy, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (June 2009)

Rock Art of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park Area (John W. Clark, Jr., extract from Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society, Vol. 45, 1974, ©Texas Archeological Society)

Senior Ranger Program, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Date Unknown)

Soil Survey of Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas (Alan L. Stahnke, 2010)

Springs, Seeps and Tinajas Monitoring Protocol: Chihuahuan and Sonoran Desert Networks NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/SODN/NRR-2018/1796 (Cheryl McIntyre, Kirsten Gallo, Evan Gwilliam, J. Andrew Hubbard, Julie Christian, Kristen Bonebrake, Greg Goodrum, Megan Podolinsky, Laura Palacios, Benjamin Cooper and Mark Isley, November 2018)

Status of Climate and Water Resources at Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Water Year 2018 NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/CHDN/NRR-2020/2132 (Kara Raymond, Laura Palacios and Cheryl McIntyre, May 2020)

The Archeology of Buffalo Soldiers and Apaches in the Southwest (Eleanor King and Charles Haecker, 2016)

The Guadalupe Mountains Symposium: Proceedings of the 25th anniversary conference on research and resource management in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Fred R. Armstrong and Katie KellerLynn, eds., 1996)

The Last Traditional Park: Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Hal Rothman)

A New National Park: Research Needs and Challenges in the 1970s (Donald Dayton)

Stewards of the Land: the Role of Discovery, Science, and Research (Janice Wobbenhorst)

An Overview of the Resource Management Program at Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Fred Armstrong)

Research, Resource Management, and Resource Protection at Guadalupe Mountains National Park: the Next 25 Years (David Simon)

Archiving the Future (keynote address) (Robert Baker)

Interpreting Desert Regions, Deserts, and Regional Indicator Plants (Frederick Gehlbach)

Recent Changes in the Breeding Avifauna of Four Southwestern Mountain Ranges in Texas and Coahuila (Kelly Bryan)

Avifaunal Changes in the Guadalupe Mountains of New Mexico and Texas (Steve West)

The Texas GAP Project: Status and Potential (Nick Parker et al.)

Distribution of Aquatic Invertebrates in McKittrick Creek (Tim Green)

Forensic Entomology Meets the Guadalupe Mountains (Elizabeth Richards)

The Native Bees of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: A Preliminary Assessment (Terry Griswold)

An Update on the Status of Rare Plants in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Jackie Poole)

Are Small Populations of Columbines More Vulnerable to Inbreeding Depression (Kelly Gallagher and Brook Milligan)

Integrating Genetic Information Into Natural Resource Stewardship (Brook Milligan)

Mountain Lion Ecology and Population Trends in the Trans-Pecos Region of Texas (Louis Harveson et al.)

The Reproductive Biology of McKittrick Pennyroyal, Hedeoma apiculatum (Lamiaceae) (V.J. Tepedino et al.)

Methods for Estimating Colony Size and Evaluating Long-term Trends of Mexican Free-tailed Bats (Tadarida brasiliensis mexicana) Roosting in Carlsbad Cavern, New Mexico (William Route et al.)

Archaeological Resources of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Susana Katz and Paul Katz)

The Apache Cultural Landscape in Guadalupe Mountains National Park (James Goss)

Historical and Archaeological Investigations of Apache War Sites, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Charles Haecker and Neil Mangum)

Celebrating the Historic Architecture of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Barbara Zook)

Wildland Fire Management in the Guadalupe Mountains (Tim Stubbs)

Tree-ring Analysis of Ancient Douglas-fir at Guadalupe Mountains National Park (David Stahle)

Geologic Significance of Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Lloyd Pray)

Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains: An Overview of New Ideas (Carol Hill)

History of Sulfuric Acid Theory of Speleogenesis in the Guadalupe Mountains (David Jagnow)

Recording of Earth Movements in Karst: Results of a Short Trip in Southwestern U.S.A. (Roberta Serface and Eric Gilli)

Guadalupian Series: International Standard for Middle Permian Time (Brian Glenister et al.)

Defining the Base of the Guadalupian Series—the World Standard Middle Permian—In Its Type Area, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Lance Lambert et al.)

Permian Extinctions: A Fusulinacean’s Way of Life and Death (Garner Wilde)

Sponge Diversity Patterns in the Middle Capitan Reef of the Guadalupe Mountains, Texas, and Their Environmental Implications (Ronald Johns and Brenda Kirkland)

Application of the Brushy Canyon Formation in Guadalupe Mountains National Park As an Outcrop Analog for Deep-Marine Petroleum Reservoirs (Michael Gardner)

Orientation of Synsedimentary Folds in Carbonate Basin and Slope Deposits, Permian Guadalupe Mountains, West Texas (Alton Brown)

Lacustrine Paleoenvironments in the Trans-Pecos Closed Basin (David Wilkins and Donald Currey)

Fossil Assemblages of Mollusks As Indicators of Past Communities) in the Guadalupe Mountains, Culberson County, Texas (Richard Worthington and Artie Metcalf)

The Butterfield Overland Stagecoach Through Guadalupe Pass (Jim Adams)

Felix McKittrick in the Guadalupe Mountains of Texas and New Mexico (Robert House)

The Career and Contributions of Wallace E. Pratt (Jim Adams)

The Role of History in Managing NPS Areas (Dwight Pitcaithley)

Eyewitness Details and Perspectives: the Value of Oral History at Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Robert Hoff)

The Cave Impact Monster: an Environmental Education Skit for Classrooms (Ransom Turner et al.)

A Case Study in Applying Historical Research to the Educational Process: Exploring McKittrick and Discovering Our Heritage (Douglas Dinwiddie et al.)

Postmodern Deconstruction and the Role of Science in National Park Management (Dan Huff)

The Role of Cooperating Associations in the Development of Tourism in National Parks (Rick LoBello)

Guadalupe Mountains National Park Visitor Use Survey Results (1996-1997) (Jacqueline Bergdahl)

Legislative Mandates, Cultural Affiliation, and Guadalupe Mountains National Park (Adolph Greenberg et al.)

Guadalupe Mountains National Park: a 1920’s Attempt at Preservation (Fred MacVaugh)

The Guadalupian Fauna USGS Professional Paper 58 (George H. Girty, 1908)

The Guadalupian Symposium (Bruce R. Wardlaw, Richard E. Grant and DAvid M. Rohr, eds., 2000; Smithsonian Institution Press)


Memorial to Richard Evans Grant (J. Thomas Dutro, Jr. and Bruce R. Wardlaw)

1. Guadalupian Studies in West Texas (Richard E. Grant, Bruce R. Wardlaw, and David M. Rohr)

2. Guidebook to the Guadalupian Symposium (David M. Rohr, Bruce R. Wardlaw, Shannon F. Rudine, Mohammad Haneef, A. John Hall, and Richard E. Grant)

3. Guadalupian Conodont Biostratigraphy of the Glass and Del Norte Mountains (Bruce R. Wardlaw)

4. Formal Middle Permian (Guadalupian) Series: A Fusulinacean Perspective (Garner L. Wilde)

5. Members for the Cutoff Formation, Western Escarpment of the Guadalupe Mountains, West Texas (Mark T. Harris)

6. Cyclic Deposition of the Permian Road Canyon Formation, Glass Mountains, West Texas (Bruce R. Wardlaw, Charles A. Ross, and Richard E. Grant)

7. Comparison of the Depositional Environments and Physical Stratigraphy of the Cutoff Formation (Guadalupe Mountains) and the Road Canyon Formation (Glass Mountains): Lowermost Guadalupian (Permian) of West Texas (Mark T. Harris, Daniel J. Lehrmann, and Lance L. Lambert)

8. Correlation of the Road Canyon and Cutoff Formations, West Texas, and Its Relevance to Establishing an International Middle Permian (Guadalupian) Series (Lance L. Lambert, Daniel J. Lehrmann, and Mark T. Harris)

9. Fusulinid Biostratigraphy and Paleontology of the Middle Permian (Guadalupian) Strata of the Glass Mountains and Del Norte Mountains, West Texas (Zhendong Yang and Thomas E. Yancey)

10. Carbonate Deposition of the Permian Word Formation, Glass Mountains, West Texas (James D. Rathjen, Bruce R. Wardlaw, David M. Rohr, and Richard E. Grant)

11. Geology and Depositional Environments of the Guadalupian Rocks of the Northern Del Norte Mountains, West Texas (Shannon F. Rudine, Bruce R. Wardlaw, David M. Rohr, and Richard E. Grant)

12. The Altuda Formation of the Glass and Del Norte Mountains (Bruce R. Wardlaw and Shannon F. Rudine)

13. A Deep Water Turbidity Origin for the Altuda Formation (Capitanian, Permian), Northwestern Glass Mountains, Texas (Mohammad Haneef, David M. Rohr, and Bruce R. Wardlaw)

14. Anatomy and Origin of Capitan Limestone Foreset Beds in the Glass Mountains, West Texas (Mohammad Haneef)

15. Late Guadalupian Biostratigraphy and Fusulinid Faunas, Altuda Formation, Brewster County, Texas (Garner L. Wilde and Shannon F. Rudine)

16. Lithofacies and Depositional History of the Tessey Formation, Frenchman Hills, West Texas (Mohammad Haneef and Bruce R. Wardlaw)

17. Conodont Blostratigraphy of the Permian Beds at Las Delicias, Coahuila, Mexico (Bruce R. Wardlaw, Shannon F. Rudine, and Merlynd K. Nestell)

18. Ancestral Araxoceratinae (Upper Permian Ammonoidea) From Mexico and Iran (Claude Spinosa and Brian F. Glenister)

19. Depositional Controls on Selective Silicification of Permian Fossils, Southwestern United States (Douglas H. Erwin and David L. Kidder)

West Side Boundary Study, Guadalupe Mountains National Park (April 1987)

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Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas

Last Updated: 07-Dec-2021