Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
Administrative History
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Administrative History
Sharon A. Brown


Primary Sources

Unpublished Sources:

Manuscript Collections:

Columbia, Missouri. Western Historical Manuscript Collection. University of Missouri.

C. Jasper Bell Papers.

Bernard F. Dickmann Papers.

Phil M. Donnelly Papers.

Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. Papers

Frank Karsten Papers.

Forrest Smith Papers.

St. Louis, Missouri. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial National Historic Site Archives. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association Papers 1933-1980

National Park Service Papers 1935-1980.

St. Louis, Missouri. Missouri Historical Society. Luther Ely Smith Papers.

Washington, D.C. National Archives. National Park Service Classified File 1933-1949.

Oral Interviews:

Brown, LeRoy, National Park Service, per telephone interview, March 17, 1980.

Chandler, Robert, National Park Service, St. Louis, Missouri. Interview, December 29, 1978.

Hartzog, George, Jr., National Park Service, Washington, D.C. Interview, November 20, 1979.

Messinger, Norman G., National Park Service, St. Louis, Missouri. Interview May 20, 1980.

Pfanz, Harry, Ph.D., National Park Service, Washington, D.C. Interview, November 20, 1979.

Schober, Jerry, National Park Service, St. Louis, Missouri. Interview, May 22, 1980.

Published Sources:


Detmers, Bruce; Bowser, Richard B.; Prichard, B. A.; Severud, Fred N.; Van Tassel, A. C. "Jefferson Memorial Arch: A Panel" Building Research - The Journal of the Building Research Institute, I no. 5 (September-October 1964): 58-62.

Jensen, J.E.N. "A Steel Arch: Spirit of the Pioneers" Civil Engineering, (October 1965): 64-69.


Ickes, Harold. The Secret Diary of Harold Ickes The First Hundred Days 1933-1936. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1953.

Lord, Clifford L., ed. Presidential Executive Orders. New York: Books, Inc., 1944.

Saarinen, Aline B., ed. Eero Saarinen: Saarinen On His Work. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1962.

Congressional Record:

Congressional Record 1934, 1937, 1939, 1941, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1973, 1975, 1980.


Metro East Journal, 1970, 1972, 1975.

New York Herald Tribune, 1948.

New York Times, 1930, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949.

Rolla News, 1960.

St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 1935-1980.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1935-1980.

St. Louis Star-Times, 1930, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949.

South Side Journal, 1959, 1967.

Washington Post, 1976.


Missouri Revised Statutes, 1939.

U.S. Statutes at Large, 1934, 1969.

Secondary Sources:

Published Sources:


Terry, Dickson. "The Story of the Arch - A Monument to Thirty Years of Patience, Perseverance and Determination" 57 no. 9 Cherry Diamond Magazine of the Missouri Athletic Club, September 1964: 24-27, 31 ff.

McCue, George. "The Arch: An Appreciation" AIA JOURNAL, (November 1978): 57-63.


Hosmer, Charles B. Jr. Preservation Comes of Age From Williamsburg to the National Trust 1926-1949. vols. I & II. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 1981.

Ise, John. Our National Park Policy: A Critical History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1961.

Lee, Ronald F. Family Tree of the National Park System. Philadelphia: Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1971.

Leuchtenburg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal 1932-1940. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1963.

McElroy, Paul Simpson. The Story of the Gateway Arch. St. Louis: Nies Kaiser, n.d.

Schlesinger, Arthur M. Jr. The Age of Roosevelt - The Coming of the New Deal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1958.

Temko, Allan. Eero Saarinen. New York: George Braziller, 1962.

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Last Updated: 15-Jan-2004