Olympic
National Park
Washington
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Explore Olympic

Waves boom along wilderness beaches and mix with snow-fed rivers. Ancient trees shelter wildlife. Rugged peaks embrace glaciers and subalpine meadows. Coast, forest, and mountain ecosystems combine to create this spectacular wilderness park. The Olympic Peninsula is home to eight American Indian tribes that developed complex hunter-gatherer societies and continue to keep their traditions alive. European explorers who ventured here in the late 1700s heralded the way for homesteaders. The Olympics were set aside as a national monument in 1909 and further protected as Olympic National Park in 1938. Today the park is internationally recognized as a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site, testimony to its rich resources. Explore Olympic—a gift to the future.

Coast Tides control the rhythm of life along this biologically diverse coastline. Twice-daily intertidal animals face pounding surf and drying winds. Coastal rivers serve as highways for migrating fish, and downed trees along riverbanks protect young salmon journeying from mountains to sea. When the adults return and swim upstream to spawn, their flesh carries a special form of nitrogen gathered during their years at sea. Most salmon die after spawning, but their death brings life. Bears, eagles, insects, and other animals feed on salmon carcasses, then deposit nutrients in rivers and forests. Marine nitrogen nourishes forest soils—a gift from the salmon.

Forests Olympic National Park protects the largest old-growth forest in the Pacific Northwest. Its unique character begins with ancient trees that took root 200 to 1,000 years ago. In these forests multi-layered canopies, standing snags, and fallen trunks provide habitat for myriad animals. Differences in moisture (from 40 to 240 inches annually), and changes in elevation (from sea-level to 7,980 feet) create a mosaic of forests in the park. Temperate rain forests grow along the coast and in ocean-facing valleys. Lowland, montane, and subalpine forests cloak other park areas. Olympic supports complex forest communities—a gift from the past.

Mountains A world of landscapes unfolds here: glaciers chisel U-shaped valleys, and brilliantly colored wildflowers blanket subalpine meadowy Geologists still debate the origins of the Olympics. Some 50 million years ago lava gushed from underwater rips in the edge of the continent, hardening into miles-thick layers of basalt. Later an immense submerged delta of sandstone and shale formed farther out in the ocean. These layered rocks slowly rode back to the continent and jammed beneath the basalts, forcing the Olympics to rise from the sea 10 to 20 million years ago. Ice-age glaciers helped carve the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Puget Sound, separating the Olympics from nearby lands. Years of isolation nurtured the rich biodiversity of the Peninsula, where over 20 plants and animals are found nowhere else on Earth. The rugged Olympic Mountains—a gift from the sea.

Planning Your Visit to Olympic National Park

park map

topo map

shaded relief map
(click for larger maps)

Are you here for a day? A week? Maybe you've come to this wilderness park to stroll the rain forest with its massive trees, lush vegetation, and Roosevelt elk. Maybe you plan to hike in the mountains amid Olympic marmots and magenta paintbrush. Perhaps you are headed for the ocean to see tidepools with intriguing creatures, marvel at arches and sea stacks, and explore the beaches. Even if you have plans already, stop at a visitor center or ranger station. You will find information that can help make your day or your week at Olympic National Park even better.

Visitor Centers Here you can find information, exhibits, publications, movies, and maps. Olympic National Park, Hurricane Ridge, and Hoh Rain Forest visitor centers are open in summer; hours and staffing are limited in other seasons. Ranger and information station hours vary seasonally. The free park newspaper Bugler has articles on safety, research, and activities. Service animals are welcome.

Wilderness Information Center (WIC) Contact WIC for wilderness trip planning, trail and weather reports, safety and Leave No Trace tips, reservations, permits, maps, and approved bear canisters:

Wilderness Information Center
3002 Mount Angeles Rd.
Port Angeles, WA 98362
olym_wic@nps.gov
www.nps.gov/olym

Fees Entrance, camping, overnight wilderness use, and other fees are collected in the national park. Additional fees may apply on surrounding public and tribal lands.

Lodging, Supplies, Services Inside the park most lodging, supplies, and services are available seasonally. Outside they are available year-round.

Camping Most campsites are available first-come, first-served. Fees vary. Some campgrounds are open year-round. Sites at Kalaloch Campground can be reserved in summer at www.recreation.gov.

Accessibility We strive to make our facilities, services, and programs accessible to all. For information go to a visit or center, ask a ranger, call, or check our website.

Keep Wildlife Wild! Animals here are wild and can be dangerous—remain at least 150 feet away and never try to feed them. Cougars are rarely seen; if you meet one pick up small children, wave your arms, and shout. Give bears a wide berth and let them move away. Report all bear or cougar sightings. Keep a clean camp. Store food, garbage, and toiletries properly. Obtain approved bear canisters at the WIC or some ranger stations.

Safety and Regulations Check park bulletin boards, newspapers, and handouts or ask a ranger about safety and regulations. • Be prepared for rain and sudden weather changes; roads may close. • Stay on trails; shortcuts cause erosion. • Put out campfires completely. • Pets must be leashed and are restricted to designated areas. • Vehicles are not allowed off park roads. • Use caution on the beaches. Boardwalks and rocks can be slippery. Logs in the surf can be deadly. • Walk gently in the rocky intertidal areas where plants and animals live. • Stay back from cliff edges; they may be undercut—a fall could be fatal. • Do not disturb or remove plants, tree bark, driftwood, artifacts, or animals, including those in tide pools. Federal law protects natural and cultural features. • For firearms regulations check the park website.

Emergencies call 911

Getting Around the Park

No roads go through the park so allow plenty of travel time between these popular sites.

Coastal Ozette offers hikes to wilderness beaches and views of the third largest lake in Washington. Mora has beach hikes to arches and sea stacks. Kalaloch features sandy beaches, tide pools, and coastal forests.

Forests and Big Trees Experience the park's forests at Elwha, Sol Duc, Dosewallips, and Staircase and rain forests of Hoh and Quinault. Several park trees hold records for their size.

Mountains and Glaciers Hurricane Ridge (5,242 feet/1,599 meters) offers views of Mount Olympus, glaciers, and the wilderness. Look for black-tailed deer in subalpine meadows.

Approximate Travel Times and Miles

Seattle to Port Angeles via ferry
3 hr
72 mi
Sea-Tac Airport to Port Angeles via Tacoma
3 hr
130 mi
Port Angeles to Hurricane Ridge
45 min
17 mi
Port Angeles to Staircase
3 hr
100 mi
Port Angeles to Ozette
2½ hr
88 mi
Port Angeles to Forks
1½ hr
59 mi
Forks to Hoh Rain Forest
1 hr
32 mi
Forks to Kalaloch
1 hr
36 mi
Kalaloch to Quinault Rain Forest
45 min
33 mi

Not a Drive through Park

No roads pass through the heart of the Olympics. US 101 provides the main access, with numerous spur roads leading into the park.

Hiking the Wilderness

Permits required for all overnight wilderness stays. Obtain permits at the Wilderness Information Center (WIC). Visit the WIC to get Wilderness Trip Planner and more information. Wilderness users should inquire about river and creek ford locations and difficulty in crossing.

Wilderness on the Olympic Peninsula

Nearly one million acres on the Olympic Peninsula are protected as wilderness—95 percent of Olympic National Park, five areas in Olympic National Forest, and over 600 islands in national wildlife refuges. Learn more at www.nps.gov/olym.

Wilderness forever protects the land's natural conditions, opportunities for solitude and primitive recreation, and scientific, educational, and historical values. Learn more about the National Wilderness Preservation System at www.wilderness.net.

Visiting the Coast

Caution: Don't get trapped by high tides; get current tide chart at a ranger station. When hiking, watch for targets marking overland trails.

Sudden high waves can pick up beach logs and turn them into weapons; they kill.

Most reefs, rocks, islets, and islands (except the James Island group) are designated wilderness and national wildlife refuges, CLOSED to visitors to protect wildlife. Boats must remain 200 yards from the islands.

Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary covers 3,310 square miles of marine waters. The sanctuary provides habitat for one of the most diverse populations of marine mammals in North America. It is a link in the Pacific flyway and provides critical habitat for nesting and migrating birds. To learn more, visit www.olympiccoast.noaa.gov.

Source: NPS Brochure (2016)


Establishment

Wilderness — November 16, 1988
World Heritage Site — 1981
Biosphere Reserve — 1976
Olympic National Park — June 29, 1938
Mount Olympus National Monument — March 2, 1909


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Documents

A Botanical Survey of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington University of Washington Publications in Biology Vol. 5 (George Neville Jones, June 1936)

A Case Study for Species Reintroduction: The Wolf in Olympic National Park, Washington (Peter Dratch, Brenda Johnson, Linda Leigh, Diane Levkoy, Dave Milne, Rick Read, Rennie Selkirk and Cindy Swanberg, 1975)

A Framework for Long-term Ecological Monitoring in Olympic National Park: Prototype for the Coniferous Forest Biome USGS Information and Technology Report USGS/BRD//ITR-2003-0006 (Kurt Jenkins, Andrea Woodward and Ed Schreiner, 2003)

A Park Interpreter's Guide to the Climate of Hurricane Ridge, Olympic National Park — Climate Summary for Water Years 2000 to 2017 NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2018/1714 (William D. Baccus, September 2018)

Acoustic Monitoring Winter 2010: Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/NSNSD/NRR-2016/1310 (Cynthia Lee and John MacDonald, November 2016)

Acoustic Monitoring 2021: Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/NSNSD/NRR-2021/2313 (Ashley R. Pipkin, October 2021)

Adapting to Climate Change at Olympic National Forest and Olympic National Park U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-844 (Jessica E. Holofsky, David L. Peterson, Kathy A. O'Halloran and Catherine Hawkins Hoffman, eds., August 2011)

Air Quality Overview: Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/PWRO/NRR-2013/696 (Tonnie Cummings, July 2013)

American Eden: An Administrative History of Olympic National Park Final Draft (Hal K. Rothman, July 2006)

An Administrative History, Olympic National Park (1992)

Angler Demographics and Fishing Catch and Effort in Olympic National Park Rivers and Lake Crescent from 2009 to 2012 NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/OLYM/NRTR—2013/830 (Lauren H. Kerr, Samuel J. Brenkman and Josh Geffre, December 2013)

Assessment of Coastal Water Resources and Watershed Conditions at Olympic National Park, Washington NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NRPC/WRD/NRTR-2008/068 (Terrie Klinger, Rachel M. Gregg, Kathleen Hermann, Katrina Hoffman, Jessi Kershner, Jill Coyle and David Fluharty, April 2008)

Assessment of Returns of Coho Salmon and Survey of Fish-Related Databases for Olympic National Park NPS Technical Report NPS/CCSOSU/NRTR-96/08 (Ruth Jacobs and Jeff Jackson, December 1996)

Autecology, Reproductive Ecology, and Demography of Astragalus australis var. olympicus (Fabaceae) (©Thomas N. Kaye, December 19, 1989)

Backcountry Historic Structure Report, Olympic National Park (Frederick L. Walters, 2008)

Backcountry Management Plan, Olympic National Park (January 1976)

CCS Botanical Surveys 1993 (Denise Roush and Margie Weissbach, c1993)

Coastal Hazards & Sea-Level Asset Vulnerability Assessment, Olympic National Park (Katie Peek, Blair Tormey, Holli Thompson, Robert Young, Shawn Norton, Julie McNamee and Ryan Scavo, August 2017)

Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Olympic National Park to Sea-Level Rise USGS Open-File Report 2004-1021 (Elizabeth A. Pendleton, Erika S. Hammar-Klose, E. Robert Thieler, and S. Jeffress Williams, 2004)

Demography and ecology of a declining endemic: The Olympic marmot (©Suzanne Cox Griffin, University of Montana Thesis, Autumn 2007)

Density and Velocity Relationships for Digital Sonic and Density Logs from Coastal Washington and Laboratory Measurements of Olympic Peninsula Mafic Rocks and Greywackes USGS Open-File Report 2001-264 (Thomas M. Brocher and Nikolas I. Christensen, 2001)

Draft General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park (2006)

Ecological Relationships Between Cervid Herbivory and Understory Vegetation in Old-Growth Sitka Spruce-Western Hemlock Forests in Olympic National Park (E.E. Starkey and P.J. Happe, March 1995)

Economic Impacts of Visitors to Olympic National Park, 2000 (Daniel J. Stynes, Dennis Propst and Ya-Yen Sun, December 2001)

Elk: Lewis and Clark, Mount Rainier, Olympic I & M Resource Brief (extract from Vital Signs, 2012)

Elk Monitoring Program (Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park)

Elk Monitoring Protocol for Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park: January 11, 2012 NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR—2012/485 (Paul C. Griffin, Kurt J. Jenkins, Mason Reid, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi, Jim Schaberl, Patricia Happe, David Vales, Scott McCorquodale, John Boetsch and Katherine Beirne, January 2012)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2010: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2011/289 (Paul Griffin, Patricia Happe, Kurt Jenkins, Mason Reid, David Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi, Scott McCorquodale and Pat Miller, September 2011)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2011: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2013/437 (Patricia J. Happe, Mason Reid, Paul C. Griffin, Kurt J. Jenkins, David J. Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi and Scott McCorquodale, January 2013)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2012: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2013/456 (Patricia J. Happe, Mason Reid, David J. Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi and Scott McCorquodale, March 2013)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2013: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2014/642 (Patricia J. Happe, Mason Reid, David J. Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi and Scott McCorquodale, April 2014)

Elk Monitoring in Mount Rainier and Olympic National Parks: 2008–2011 Synthesis Report NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR—2015/904 (K. J. Jenkins, P. C. Griffin, P. J. Happe, M. Reid, D. J. Vales, B. J. Moeller, M. Tirhi, S. McCorquodale, K. Beirne, J. Boetsch, W. Baccus and B. Lubow, January 2015)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2014: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2015/779 (Patricia J. Happe, David J. Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi, Eric Holman and Katherine Beirne, April 2015)

Elk Monitoring Program Annual Report 2015: Mount Rainier National Park and Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2016/1041 (Patricia J. Happe , David J. Vales, Barbara J. Moeller, Michelle Tirhi, Eric Holman, Katherine Beirne, William T. Baccus and Tara Chestnut, August 2016)

Elk Monitoring in Mount Rainier and Olympic National Parks: 2008-2017 Synthesis Report NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2021/2284 (K.J. Jenkins, B.C. Lubow, P.J. Happe, K. Braun, J. Boetsch, W. Baccus, T. Chestnut, D.J. Vales, B.J. Moeller, M. Tirhi, E. Holman and P.C. Griffin, July 2021)

Elwha River

2010 Survey Report for Lake Mills and Lake Aldwell on the Elwha River, Washington Bureau of Reclamation Technical Report No. SRH-2010-23 (Jennifer Bountry, Ron Ferrari, Kurt Wille and Tim J. Randle, April 2011, amended June 2011)

An Interpretive History of the Elwha River Valley and the Legacy of Hydropower on Washington's Olympic Peninsula Final Draft (Paul Sadin and Dawn Vogel, January 2011)

Bull Trout Protection and Restoration Plan, Elwha River Restoration Project, Olympic National Park (Patrick Crain and Sam Brenkman, December 13, 2010)

Elwha River Fish Restoration Plan NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-90 (April 2008)

Elwha River Ecosystem and Fisheries Restoration Act P.L. 102-495 (January 3, 1992)

Elwha River Ecosystem Restoration, Final Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park (November 1996)

Elwha River Ecosystem Restoration Implementation, Final Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park (June 1995)

Elwha River Ecosystem Restoration Implementation, Final Supplement to the Final Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park (July 2005)

Elwha River Restoration Project: Economic Analysis Final Technical Report (Elwha Project Human Effects Team, February 1995)

Elwha River Water Quality Mitigation Project Planning Report Draft Report (URS, January 14, 2002)

Restoration of the Elwha River Ecosystem, Biological Research and Monitoring Questions: A Workshop — March 18-19, 2003 (Ed Schreiner and Brian Winter, 2003)

Revegetation and Restoration Plan for Lake Mills and Lake Aldwell (Joshua Chenoweth, Steven A. Acker and Michael L. McHenry, March 2011)

Review of the Elwha River Fish Restoration Plan and Accompanying HGMPs (Hatchery Scientific Review Group. January 2012)

The Elwha Report: Restoration of the Elwha River Ecosystem & Native Anadromous Fisheries (January 1994)

The Elwha Report: Restoration of the Elwha River Ecosystem & Native Anadromous Fisheries (Appendices E through M) (January 1994)

World's largest dam removal reverses coastal erosion (Jonathan A. Warrick, Andrew W. Stevens, Ian M. Miller, Shawn R. Harrison, Andrew C. Ritchie and Guy Gelfenbaum, extract from Scientific Reports, September 27, 2019)

Elwha River Restoration Research Publications

Enchanted Valley Chalet

Emergency Action to Temporarily Relocate the Enchanted Valley Chalet for the Protection of the East Fork Quinault River Environmental Assessment (July 2014)

Errata, Emergency Action to Temporarily Relocate the Enchanted Valley Chalet for the Protection of the East Fork Quinault River Environmental Assessment (July 2014)

Final Disposition of the Enchanted Valley Chalet Environmental Assessment (May 19, 2020)

Final Disposition of the Enchanted Valley Chalet Environmental Assessment: Appendices (May 2020)

Frequently Asked Questions, Enchanted Valley Chalet (2020)

Historic American Buildings Survey, Enchanted Valley Chalet HABS No. WA-273 (undated)

Newsletter (July 2, 2020)

Site Flood Hazards, Enchanted Valley Chalet (Paul Kennard, April 26, 2018)

Ethnographic Overview and Assessment: Olympic National Park (Jacilee Wray, September 23, 1997)

Evaluation of Fisher (Pekania pennanti) Restoration in Olympic National Park and the Olympic Recovery Area: 2014 Annual Progress Report NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/OLYM/NRDS-2015/804 (Patricia J. Happe, Kurt J. Jenkins, Thomas J. Kay, Kristy Pilgrim, Michael K. Schwartz, Jeffrey C. Lewis and Keith B. Aubry, June 2015)

Evaluation of Fisher (Pekania pennanti) Restoration in Olympic National Park and the Olympic Recovery Area: 2015 Annual Progress Report NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/OLYM/NRR-2016/1274 (Patricia J. Happe, Kurt J. Jenkins, Thomas J. Kay, Kristy Pilgrim, Michael K. Schwartz, Jeffrey C. Lewis and Keith B. Aubry, August 2016)

Evaluation of Fisher (Pekania pennanti) Restoration in Olympic National Park and the Olympic Recovery Area: 2016 Annual Progress Report NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/OLYM/NRR-2017/1531 (Patricia J. Happe, Kurt J. Jenkins, Thomas J. Kay, Kristy Pilgrim, Michael K. Schwartz, Jeffrey C. Lewis and Keith B. Aubry, October 2017)

Evaluation of Water Table Conditions Within a Grove of Picea sitchensis, Hoh River Visitor Center, Olympic National Park, Washington NPS Technical Report NPS/NRWRD/NRTR-90/06 (Richard Inglis, October 1990)

Fact Sheet: Amphibians of Olympic National Park USGS Fact Sheet 098-00 (June 2000)

Factors Influencing Spawning Migration of Bull Trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the North Fork Skokomish River, Olympic National Park, Washington NPS Technical Report NPS/CCSOOSU/NRTR-98/15 (Samuel J. Brenkman, August 1988)

Final General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park: Volume 1 (2007)

Final General Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park: Volume 2 (2007)

Final Lake Crescent Management Plan, Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park (1998)

Fish & Shellfish Regulations, Olympic National Park (March 2009)

Fish & Shellfish Regulations, Olympic National Park (May 2014)

Fisher Reintroduction Plan / Environmental Assessment, Olympic National Park (September 2007)

Flood hazard assessment of the Hoh River at Olympic National Park ranger station, Washington USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4198 (D.L. Kresch and T.C. Pierson, 1987)

Foraminifera from the Northern Olympic Peninsula, Washington USGS Professional Paper 374-G (Weldon W. Rau, 1964)

Foraminifera, Stratigraphy, and Paleoecology of the Quinault Formation, Point Grenville-Raft River Coastal Area, Washington (HTML edition) Washington Department of Natural Resources Bulletin 62 (Weldon W. Rau, 1970)

Forest Conditions in the Olympic Forest Reserve, Washington USGS Professional Paper 7 (Arthur Dodwell and Theodore F. Rixon, 1902)

Foundation Document, Olympic National Park, Washington (September 2017)

Foundation Document Overview, Olympic National Park, Washington (January 2017)

Four Historic Landscape Studies, Olympic National Park (Cathy Gilbert, Todd Black, Lisa Majdiak and Diane Scena, Summer 1984)

Fuel and Fire Behavior Predictions in Subalpine Forests of Pacific Northwest National Parks CPSU/UW 89-4 (Mark H. Huff, James K. Agee, Michael Gracz and Mark Finney, Summer 1989)

Geologic Guide to the Deer Park Area, Olympic National Park (Ronald W. Tabor, 1965)

Geology of the Washington Coast Between Point Grenville and the Hoh River (HTML edition) Washington Department of Natural Resources Bulletin No. 66 (Weldon W. Rau, 1973)

Geology of the Washington Coast Between the Hoh and Quillayute Rivers (HTML edition) Washington Department of Natural Resources Bulletin 72 (Weldon W. Rau, 1980)

Geomorphology of Coastal Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2021/2260 (Jon Riedel, Sharon Sarrantonio and Stephen Dorsch, June 2021)

Glaciers of the Olympic Mountains, Washington—The Past and Future 100 Years (Andrew G. Fountain, Christina Gray,, Bryce Glenn, Brian Menounos, Justin Pflug and Jon L. Riedel, extract from Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, March 8, 2022)

Heritage plants at former homesteads in the Queets Valley, Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/OLYM/NRDS-2-15/968 (Steven A. Acker, Michael D. Tetreau and David W. Allen, August 2015)

Historic Resource Study: Olympic National Park, Washington (Gail H.E. Evans, 1983)

Historic Structures Report, Part I: Humes Ranch Buildings #699-A and #699-B, Class CC, Elwha River Trail, Olympic National Park, Washington (A. Lewis Koue, January 1969)

Historic Structures Report, Part II: Humes Ranch Buildings #699-A and #699-B, Class CC, Elwha River Trail, Olympic National Park, Washington (A. Lewis Koue, April 1969)

Historic Structures Report, Part II: Historical Data Section, Humes Ranch Cabin, Olympic National Park (Benjamin Levy, January 31, 1968)

Historic Structures Report: Lake Crescent Lodge, Olympic National Park, Washington (Hank O. Florence and Gail E.H. Evans, April 1984)

Historic Structures Report: Rosemary Inn, Olympic National Park, Washington (Andrew C. Rocker and Hank Florence, August 1986)

Into Olympic: Wilderness Trip Planner (undated)

Invasive plants in the Queets Valley, Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/OLYM/NRTR-2014/898 (Steven A. Acker, Michael D. Tetreau and David W. Allen, August 2014)

Inventory of Coastal Engineering Projects in Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NRSS/GRD/NRTR—2013/705 (Kate Dallas, Michael Berry and Peter Ruggiero, March 2013)

Inventory of Fish Species in the Bogachiel, Dosewallips, and Quinault River Basins, Olympic National Park, Washington NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR—2015/955 (Samuel J. Brenkman, Stephen C. Corbett and Scott H. Sebring, April 2015)

Junior Ranger Program — Ocean Stewards, Olympic National Park (Date Unknown)

Lake Crescent Lodge: Development Standards and Guidelines (November 1983)

Landbird Inventory for Olympic National Park (2002-2003): Final Report NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NCCN/NRTR—2009/159 (Rodney B. Siegel, Robert L. Wilkerson and Shelley Hall, January 2009)

Landsat-based Monitoring of Landscape Dynamics in Olympic National Park: 1985-2010 NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS—2016/1053 (Catharine Copass, Natalya Antonova and Shelby Clary, August 2016)

Listening with the Trees: The Subterranean Bioacoustics of Old Growth Forest Groves in the Hoh River Valley (©Tuck Yates Tyrrell, Masters thesis, 2019)

Long-Range Interpretive Plan, Olympic National Park (November 2010)

Long-term Ecological Monitoring Research and Development, Olympic National Park: 1997 Annual Report (1997)

Management of Exotic Plants in Olympic National Park (Richard W. Olson, Jr., Edward G. Schreiner and Lance Parker, March 1991 rev. September 1991)

Marymere Falls Nature Trail, Olympic National Park, Washington (©Olympic Natural History Association, 1962)

Master Plan: Olympic National Park (September 1974)

Monitoring of Olympic National Park Beaches to Determine Fate and Effects of Spilled Bunker C Fuel Oil Final Report (J.A. Strand, V.I. Cullinan, E.A. Crecelius, T.J.Fortman, R.J. Citerman and M.L. Fleischmann, October 1990)

Monitoring Program and Assessment of Coyote Predation for Olympic Marmots (©Julia Judyta Witczuk, University of Montana Thesis, Summer 2007)

Mountain Goat Management

A Review of the Ethnographic and Archaeological Evidence Relating to Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains (Randall F. Schalk, March 15, 1993)

A Review of the Historic and Prehistoric Status of Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains, Washington (Letter (incomplete) from Thomas R. Cox to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, June 15, 1993)

A Review of the Historical Evidence Relating to Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains Prior to 1925 (Susan Schultz, May 1993)

A Review of Literature Relating to Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains (Letter from Paul Lawrence Farber to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, July 6, 1993)

A Review of the Evidence Bearing on the Presence (or Absence) of the Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) as Part of the Fauna of the Olympic Mountains in Historic, Prehistoric, and Late Quaternary Time (Letter Mott T. Greene to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, June 25, 1993)

A Review of the Evidence Regarding the Historic and Prehistoric Status of Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains (Letter from Gay Frederick to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, August 12, 1993)

A Social Risk Analysis of the Olympic National Park Mountain Goat Removal Project (Gary E. Machlis, Seth Tuler and Roger Kasperson, June 1990)

Comments on Reports by Randall F. Schalk and Susan Schultz (Letters from R. Lee Lyman, June 21, 1993 and June 25, 1993)

Document Reviews (Letter from Harold K. Steen to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, June 18, 1993)

Effects of Mountain Goats on Soils, Plant Communities, and Select Species in Olympic National Park (W. Pfitsch, R.S. Ried, J. Harter, D.K. Pike and L.C. Bliss, July 1983)

Evaluation of Mountain Goat Use on Three Plant Species Unique to the Olympic Peninsula: 1980 Annual Report (Chas. H. Driver and Doug Pike, 1980)

Goats in Olympic National Park: Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Mountain Goat Management (February 1995)

Historic and Prehistoric Status of Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains: Scientific Review (Letter from H. Duane Smith to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, August 17, 1993)

Mountain Goat Abundance and Population Trends in the Olympic Mountains, Washington, 2011 USGS Open-File Report 2011-1313 (Kurt Jenkins, Patricia Happe, Paul Griffin, Katherine Beirne, Roger Hoffman and William Baccus, 2011)

Mountain Goat Action Plan (Patti Happe, June 2011)

Mountain Goat Census in the Olympic Mountain Range, July 1994 (D.B. Houston, R.W. Olson, R.A. Hoffman and B.B. Moorhead, August 1, 1994)

Mountain Goat Management in Olympic National Park (1987)

Mountain Goat Management in Olympic National Park: A Progress Report (Douglas B. Houston, Edward G. Schreiner, Bruce B. Moorehead and Richard W. Olson, extract from Natural Areas Journal, Vol. 11 No. 2, 1991)

Mountain Goat Management Plan / Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park Draft (2017)

Mountain Goat Management Plan / Environmental Impact Statement, Olympic National Park Final (April 2018)

Mountain Goat (Oreamnos americanus) Habitat Utilization in Olympic National Park (©Victoria Stevens, 1979)

Mountain Goats in Olympic National Park: Biology and Management of an Introduced Species Scientific Monograph NPS/NROLYM/NRSM-94/25 (Douglas B. Houston, Edward G. Schreiner, Bruce B. Moorehead, 1994)

Mountain Goats in Olympic National Park: Fair Game or Reasonable Doubt? (©Helen Carolyn Wagenvoord, 1995)

Public Hearing: Mountain Goat Management in Olympic National Park — Port Angeles (May 4, 1995)

Public Hearing: Mountain Goat Management in Olympic National Park — Seattle (May 3, 1995)

Recent Population Trends of Mountain Goats in the Olympic Mountains, Washington (Kurt J. Jenkins, Patricia J. Happe, Katherine F. Beirne, Roger A. Hoffman, Paul C. Griffin, William T. Baccus and John Fieberg, extract from Northwest Science, Vol. 86 No. 4, 2012)

Review of evidence regarding mountain goats in Olympic National Park prior to 1920s (Letter from Madonna L. Moss to Supt. Maureen Finnerty, July 6, 1993)

Review of Scientific Material Relevant to the Occurrence, Ecosystem Role, and Tested Management Options for Mountain Goats in Olympic National Park (Reed F. Noss, Russell Graham, Dale R. McCullough, Fred L. Ramsey, Jennifer Seavey, Cathy Whitlock and Michael P. Williams, May 30, 2000)

Seasonal Distribution and Aerial Surveys of Mountain Goats in Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks, Washington USGS Open-File Report 2011-1107 (Kurt Jenkins, Katherine Beirne, Patricia Happe, Roger Hoffman, Cliff Rice and Jim Schaberl, 2011)

Significance for Wildlife Management of the Late Quaternary Biogeography of Mountain Goats (Oreamnos americanus) in the Pacific Northwest, U.S.A. (R. Lee Lyman, extract from Arctic and Alpine Research, Vol. 20 No. 1, 1988)

The Applicability of Contraceptives in the Elimination or Control of Exotic Mountain Goats from Olympic National Park: Scientific Panel Review Final Report (Richard A. Fayrer-Hosken, David A. Jessup, Robert A. Garrott, Jay F. Kirkpatrick and Robert J. Warren, January 1992)

The IUCN Position Statement on Translocation of Living Organisms, Introductions, Re-Introductions and Re-Stocking (Letter from Jim Thorsell to Supt. Robert Chandler, July 8, 1987)

Vegetation in Relation to Introduced Mountain Goats in Olympic National Park: A Technical Report (E. Schreiner, A. Woodward and M. Gracz, March 1993)

Western Washington Indian Knowledge of Mountain Goat in the Nineteenth Century: Historic, Ethnographic, and Linguistic Data (Letter from Barbara Lane to Paul Gleeson, September 27, 1993)

Museum Management Plan, Olympic National Park (Jonathan Bayless, Mary Benterou, Kent Bush, Gay Hunter and Brigid Sullivan, October 2002)

National Register of Historic Places Nomination Forms

Altair Campground Community Kitchen (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Botten Cabin (Wilder Patrol Cabin) (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Canyon Creek Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Dodger Point Fire Lookout (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Eagle Ranger Station (Sol Duc Ranger Station) (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Elk Lick Lodge (Remann's Cabin) (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Elkhorn Guard Station (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Elwha Campground Community Kitchen (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Elwha Ranger Station (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Enchanted Valley Chalet (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Fifteen Mile Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Graves Creek Ranger Station (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Happy Four Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Hayes River Fire Cache (Gail E.H. Evans, Kirstie Haertel and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Humes Ranch Cabin #699 (David H. Huntzinger and Laurin Huffman II, March 7, 1974)

Humes Ranch Cabin (Additional Documentation and Boundary Increase) (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 1999, 2005)

Hyak Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Kestner Homestead (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg, Kirstie L. Haertel and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Michael's Cabin (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

North Fork Quinault Ranger Station (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

North Fork Sol Duc Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Olympic National Park Headquarters Historic District (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg, Kirstie L. Haertel and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 1999, 2005)

Olympus Guard Station (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Pelton Creek Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Peter Roose Homestead (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg, Kirstie L. Haertel and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Pyramid Peak Aircraft Warning Service Lookout (Gail E.H. Evans, Kirstie L. Haertel and Jacilee Wray, 1998, 2005)

Rosemary Inn (Pete Neal, December 21, 1978)

Singer's Lake Crescent Tavern (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Storm King Ranger Station (Morgenroth Cabin) (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Three Forks Shelter (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Wendel Property (Gail E.H. Evans, Stephanie Toothman, Gretchen Luxenberg and Jacilee Wray, 1986, 1998, 2005)

Natural Resource Condition Assessment, Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/OLYM/NRR-2018/1826 (Rebecca McCaffery and Kurt Jenkins, eds., November 2018)

North Coast and Cascades Network Climate Monitoring Reports

North Coast and Cascades Network Climate Monitoring Report: Olympic National Park; Water Year 2010 NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2012/262 (William Baccus, Mike Larrabee, Rebecca Lofgren and Mark Huff, March 2012)

North Coast and Cascades Network Climate Monitoring Report: Olympic National Park; Water Year 2011 NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2013/568 (William Baccus, Mike Larrabee, Rebecca Lofgren and Mark Huff, October 2013)

North Coast and Cascades Network Climate Monitoring Report: Olympic National Park; Water Year 2012 NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2016/1002 (William Baccus, Mike Larrabee and Rebecca Lofgren, January 2016)

North Coast and Cascades Network Climate Monitoring Report: Olympic National Park; Water Year 2016 NPS Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2017/1139 (William D. Baccus, December 2017)

North Coast and Cascades Network Landbird Monitoring Reports

North Coast and Cascades Network Landbird Monitoring: Report for the 2013 field season NPS Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/NCCN/NRDS-2014/691 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Patricia J. Happe, August 2014)

North Coast and Cascades Network Landbird Monitoring: Report for the 2015 field season NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2016/1128 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Jason I. Ransom, June 2016)

North Coast and Cascades Network Landbird Monitoring: Report for the 2019 field season NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2020/1284 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Jason I. Ransom, July 2020)

North Coast and Cascades Network Landbird Monitoring: Report for the 2020 field season NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2021/1337 (Amanda L. Holmgren, Robert L. Wilkerson, Rodney B. Siegel and Jason I. Ransom, November 2021)

Oil and Gas in the Western Part of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington USGS Bulletin 581-B (Charles T. Lupton, 1914)

Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary

Accomplishments: 201020112012201320142016201720182019

Condition Report 2008-2019, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (2022)

Condition Report 2008, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (September 2008)

Olympic Coast Intergovernmental Policy Council Addendum to the Condition Report, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (Date Unknown)

Final Environmental Impact Statement/Management Plan: Volume 1, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (November 1993)

Final Environmental Impact Statement/Management Plan: Volume 2: Appendices, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (November 1993)

Final Management Plan, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (1994)

Final Management Plan and Environmental Assessment, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (September 2011)

Maritime Heritage Resources Management Guidance for Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Compliance to National Historic Preservation Act (April 2018)

Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Proceedings of the 1998 Research Workshop, Seattle, Washington (November 2001)

Olympic National Park Forest Carnivore Inventory conducted during the winters of 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 NPS Report Series NPS/PWR-NCCN/INV-2005-001 (Patti J. Happe, Kathy F. Beirne, Chris E. Cantway, Dave J. Manson and Don W. Smith, February 2005)

Olympic National Park, Washington: Natural History Handbook No. 1 (HTML edition) (Gunnar O. Fagerlund, 1954)

Olympic National Park, Washington: Natural History Handbook No. 1 (Gunnar O. Fagerlund, 1957)

Olympic National Park, Washington: Natural History Handbook No. 1 (Gunnar O. Fagerlund, 1961)

Olympic National Park, Washington: Natural History Handbook No. 1 (HTML edition) (Gunnar O. Fagerlund, 1954, revised 1965)

"Only The Squeal Is Left: Conflict Over Establishing Olympic National Park" (Michael G. Schene, extract from The Pacific Historian, Vol. 27 No. 3, Fall 1983; ©University of the Pacific for the Holt-Atherton Pacific Center for Western Studies)

Optimising methods for monitoring programs: Olympic marmots as a case study (Julia Witczuk, Stanislaw and L. Scott Mills, extract from Wildlife Research, Vol. 35, 2008)

Park Issues: 1998, Olympic National Park (1998)

Park Newspaper (Bugler)

1986: Schedule of Naturalist Activities: July 1-Aug. 31

1989: Summer

1990: Summer

1995: Summer

1996: SummerWinter

1997: SummerWinter

1998: Summer

1989: Summer

1989: Summer

1999: Winter

2002: Summer

2006: SummerWinter

2007: SummerWinter

2008: Summer

2009: Winter

2010: SummerWinter

2011: SummerWinter

2012: SummerWinter

2013: SummerWinter

2014: SummerWinter

2015: SummerWinter

2016: SummerWinter

2017: SummerWinter

2018: Summer

Predicting seed germination in the sediments of Lake Mills after removal of the Glines Canyon Dam on the Elwha River NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/MWR/HTLN/NRR-2007/001 (Joshua Chenoweth, July 2008)

Report on Preliminary Investigation for Staircase - Grave Creek Road in Olympic National Park, Jefferson and Mason Counties, Washington (W.C. Struble, September 1949)

Report on Reconnaissance for a Road Route through Olympic National Park from Lake Quinault to the Hood Canal (Thomas E. Carpenter and Harold G. Fowler, April 1950)

Report on Sullys Hill Park, Casa Grande Ruin; the Muir Woods, Petrified Forest, and Other National Monuments, Including List of Bird Reserves: 1915 (HTML edition) (Secretary of the Interior, 1914)

Report on Wind Cave National Park, Sullys Hill Park, Casa Grande Ruin, Muir Woods, Petrified Forest, and Other National Monuments, Including List of Bird Reserves: 1913 (HTML edition) (Secretary of the Interior, 1914)

Research Catalog: A comprehensive manual of natural and cultural study opportunities within Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks (September 2000)

Revised Vegetation Classification for Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks Project Summary Report NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR-2021/2225 (Tynan Ramm-Granberg, F. Joseph Rocchio, Catharine Copass, Rachel Brunner and Eric Nielson, February 2021)

River Delta's Rebirth: Free of dams, the Elwha River is reshaping the shore (Tristan Baurick, Kitsap Sun, 2016)

Roosevelt Elk of the Hoh Valley, Olympic National Park Oregon Cooperative Park Studies Unit Report 80-3 (Kurt Jenkins and Edward Starkey, 1980)

Seasonal Distribution and Aerial Surveys of Mountain Goats in Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks, Washington USGS Open-File Report 2011-1107 (Kurt Jenkins, Katherine Beirne, Patricia Happe, Roger Hoffman, Cliff Rice and Jim Schaberl, 2011)

Shaded Relief Map: Olympic National Park & Vicinity, WA Scale: 1:100,000 (USGS, 1989)

Social Indicators for Olympic National Park Biosphere Reserve Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Idaho CPSU/UI S 81-2 (Gary E. Machlis and Donna K. Chickering, 1981)

Soleduck Revegetation Project, Soleduck Valley Road, Olympic National Park, Washington — Photographic Documentation, Volume IV (1991)

Spotted Owl Monitoring in Olympic National Park: 1992-2016 NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/OLYM/NRR— 2017/1530 (Scott Gremel, October 2017)

Summary Prehistory and Ethnography of Olympic National Park, Washington (1983)

The Evolution and Diversification of Native Land Use Systems on the Olympic Peninsula: A Research Design (Randall Schalk, 1988)

The King of the Olympics (E.B. Webster, 1920)

The Mount Olympus National Monument (Clifford Edwin Roloff, extract from The Washington Historical Quarterly, Vol. 25 No. 3, July 1934)

The Olympic National Park Resource Database: Its Structure and Contents (Gay Edelbrock, John Parker, Janet Parker and Gerald Wright, April 1991)

The Ozette Archaeological Expedition (Richard D. Daugherty, undated)

The Ozette Prairies of Olympic National Park: Their Former Indigenous Uses and Management (M. Kat Anderson, Winter 2009)

The Sockeye Salmon Oncorhynchus nerka Population in Lake Ozette, Washington, USA Technical Report NPS/CCSOSU/NRTR-96/04 (Ruth Jacobs, Gary Larson, John Meyer, Ned Currence, Joe Hinton, Milo Adkison, Robert Burgner, Harold Geiger and Lawrence Lestelle, August 1996)

The Spruce Production Division (Gerald W. Williams, extract from Forest History Today, Spring 1999)

The Story of Three Olympic Peaks (Edmond S. Meany, extract from The Washington Historical Quarterly, Vol. 4 No. 3, July 1913)

The Structure of the Olympic Mountains, Washington—Analysis of a Subduction Zone USGS Professional Paper 1033 (R.W. Tabor and W.M. Cady, 1978)

Topographic Map: Olympic National Park & Vicinity, WA Scale: 1:100,000 (USGS, 1989)

Trophic Status & Assessment of Non-Point Nutrient Enrichment of Lake Crescent, Olympic National Park NPS Technical Report NPS/PNRWR/NRTR-91/02 (Terence P. Boyle and David R. Beeson, December 1991)

Understanding Trends of Sport Fishing on Critical Fishery Resources in Olympic National Park Rivers and Lake Crescent NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/OLYM/NRTR—2012/587 (Samuel J. Brenkman, Lauren Kerr and Josh Geffre, June 2012)

Vascular Plant Inventory of Coastal Bogs, Wetlands, and Lakeshores, Olympic National Park (2005) NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NCCN/NRTR—2009/174 (Steven A. Acker and Richard W. Olson, Jr., February 2009)

Vegetation Classification and Mapping Project Report: Olympic National Park NPS Natural Resource Report NPS/NCCN/NRR—2021/2255 (Eric M. Nielsen, Catharine Copass, Rachel L. Brunner and Lindsey K. Wise, May 2021)

Vegetation Classification of Mount Rainier, North Cascades, and Olympic National Parks: Plant Association Descriptions and Identification Keys NPS Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NCCN/NRTR—2009/211 (Rex C. Crawford, Christopher B. Chappell, Catharine C. Thompson and F. Joseph Rocchio, April 2009)

Vegetation Patterns, Hydrology, and Water Chemistry In Small Watersheds in the Hoh River Valley, Olympic National Park NPS Scientific Monograph NPSD/NRUSGS/NRSM-98/02 (Robert L. Edmonds, Rober D. Blew, James L. Marra, Judy Blew, Amy K. Barg, Georgia Murray and Ted B. Thomas, 1998)

Visitor Study, Olympic National Park, Summer 2000 Visitor Services Project Report 121 (Chad Van Ormer, Margaret Littlejohn and James H. Gramann, May 2001)

Visual Themes Manual, Olympic National Park (1989)

Water supplies for selected sites in Olympic National Park, Washington USGS Open-File Report 70-358 (K.L. Walters, 1970)

Wilderness Recommendation, Olympic National Park, Washington (April 1974)



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Last Updated: 10-Jun-2022