The Early Days:
A Sourcebook of Southwestern Region History — Books 1, 2, 3



Cover: An open pine forest covering Smith's Butte, Tusayan National Forest, October 18, 1913. Photo by A. Gaskill. This publication is part of a Southwestern Region series detailing the cultural resources of the Region.





Editor's Foreword


Setting The Scene


National Forests

The Waha Memorandum

The Fred Winn Papers

Personal Stories

Fred Arthur
Leon F. Kneipp
Richard H. Hanna
Tom Stewart
Frank E. Andrews
Roscoe G. Willson
Henry L. Benham
Elliott S. Barker
Lewis Pyle
Robert Springfel
C. V. Shearer
F. Lee Kirby
William H. Woods
Edward G. Miller
Henry Woodrow
Benton S. Rogers
Jesse I. Bushnell
John D. Guthrie

Apache Ranger Meeting

Short Histories

Over Historic Ground by John D. Guthrie
History of Datil National Forest (Anon.)
History of Grazing on the Tonto, by Fred Croxen


Fred W. Croxen
Quincy Randles
Fred Merkle
Edward Ancona
Morton C. Cheney
Stanley F. Wilson
Paul Roberts


1. National Forests in District 3 in 1908


1. Santa Fe Forest Reserve Office in 1902

2. The first Ranger meeting, in 1903 on the Gila Forest Reserve

3. Gila Supervisor McClure and Forest Officers in 1903

4. Old Bear Canyon Ranger Station. Gila National Forest in 1907

5. Supervisor McGlone, Chiricahua N. F. in 1904

6. Tonto Supervisor's cottage at Roosevelt in 1913

7. The combined Gila and Datil Ranger Meeting at Silver City in 1908

8. Heinie Merker dressed in his "choke bores" about 1924

9. Supervisors meeting in 1906

10. Forest Assistant W. H. B. Kent, 1905, on the Huachuca Forest Reserve

11. Hinderer Ranch, January 1914. Prescott headquarters

12. Ranger Tom Stewart on the road in Pecos Valley in 1903

13. Santa Fe Forest Supervisor Frank Andrews in 1932

14. Pack burrows loaded and ready to go in Tumacacori Mountains, 1937

15. The original platform lookout on Bill Williams Mountain

16. Ft. Bayard Forest Nursery, 1906

17. A cloth sack sign with forest fire warning

18. Ranger R. L. Ground counting sheep on the Carson

19. Ranger Richard G. Moore, circa 1903

20. Good woodland range, Grant County, New Mexico

21. Saginaw and Manistee logging locomotive

22. Table and fireplace at Rio Gallinas Campground

23. First decade Forest Rangers with tents and campfire

24. Mogollon, N.M. in 1905, showing deforestation

25. Examination for Forest Rangers at Springerville, 1909

26. Barfoot Tower, Chiricahuas, 1929

27. Sea of Ponderosa pine timber . . . looking at a smoke

28. Timber reconnaissance party, 1910

29. A "Crossing Permit"

30. Early day horse work on the Apache

31. Honeymoon Ranger Station, Apache National Forest

32. Honeymoon Ranger Station barn and corral

33. New Beaverhead Ranger Station. Datil National Forest in 1923

34. A steam loader on a railway car, 1902

35. Moving a logging camp cabin by rail, 1904

36. Logging with big wheels

37. Skidding logs on the Carson

38. A "rolling machine shop" at work

39. Fort Valley Ranger meeting, 1913

40. Apache Indians on Santa Catalina Mountain

41. An old wooden sentinel tower on the Chiricahua division

42. Ranger O. B. Beckstrom on Abe

Book 2


Cover: Forest Supervisor K. C. Kartchner on Ranger Flake's horse in Rinconada on the Mt. Taylor Division, September 23, 1925.


Editor's Foreword



Fred H. Miller
Robert Ground
Lee Beall

In The Newspaper

Wild Horses

More Interviews

Ben Keap
Gilbert W. Sykes
Oscar McClure
Roger Morris
Jesse T. Fears
John D. Jones
C. A. Merker
Harold Hulbert
Perl Charles
Hollis Palmer
John Mims
Robert Leonard
Arthur J. "Crawford" Riggs


1. Smokey with Chief Watts

2. One of the original Forest Service flags

3. Mogollon Ranger Station on the Gila

4. A treed bear in Rustler Park, Chiricahua Rational Forest

5. An early-day bridge constructed by the Forest Service

6. A Ranger meeting - 1916, Coronado NF

7. A Forest Ranger and Supervisor on a camping trip

8. A grazing reconnaissance outfit, October 31, 1914

9. CCC tree planters in June 1941

10. George D. Russell with the Showboat

11. The 1926 Hanger Training Camp

12. The 1911 Coronado Forest Supervisor's Office

13. The 1908 Apache Forest Supervisor's Office

14. Cochise Stronghold Ranger Station, Coronado

15. Nogales Hanger Station, Coronado

16. Capuline Hanger Station, Santa Fe

17. Bear Cubs on a Santa Fe Sign

18. Running Sheep Through A Dipping Vat

19. Sheep Driveway Committee

18. Smokejumper crew based at Deming

Book 3


Cover: The old crows nest at Baldy Lookout on Alamo National Forest, circa 1908. The foundation was sunk in cement and it was guyed on all sides. "Solid as the Rock of Gibraltar," reads the original caption.


Editor's Foreword

Three Short Historical Notes

Sam Sowell
G. A. Pearson
Homer German

Personal Stories

Willard Bond
F. J. Monighan
Norman E. Johnson
Zane G. Smith
Gordon Bade
Edward Groesbeck
G. Lee Wang
Samuel R. Servis
Robert Diggs
Walter L. Graves
Ray Kallus
Alva A. Simpson
Walter J. Caserta
Hoyt Harvel


Appendix A Regional Office Organizations
Appendix B Establishment of Boundaries
Appendix C Reserve Supervisors
Appendix D Forest Supervisors
Appendix E Ranger Districts and Rangers
Appendix F Forest Rangers and Districts


Index to Book 1 (omitted from the online edition)
Index to Book 2 (omitted from the online edition)
Index to Book 3 (omitted from the online edition)

SUPPLEMENTS (omitted from the online edition)

Use Book
     Annual Ranger Meetings
     Discovery of Fires
     Timber Trespass
     Rangers' Cabins

Forest Service Manual
     Fire Tool Locations
     Manufacturing Plants

Service Notes
     Horse Shoeing Accounts

     Act of March 3, 1905
     Archaeological Resources Protection Act


1. Powers Cabin in the Galiuro Wilderness

2. Fort Valley Experiment Station

3. Tent camp of the combined Alamo-Lincoln Ranger Meeting

4. The Ranger group at the 191 2 Alamo-Lincoln combined meeting

5. Redstone fire tool cache, Gila National Forest

6. Stringing telephone line on the Kaibab National Forest

7. Sargent Seep Ranger Station on Alamo National Forest

8. Fire warnings for tourists and woodsmen

9. Trespassed and burned land on the Alamo National Forest

10. Early day fire tool box

11. Ed Groesbeck with an open fire tool box

12. A fire tool box typical of those of about 1930

13. A fire tool box typical of those of about 1918

14. Planting rainbow fry at Latunitas on the Carson National Forest

15. The first all-professional Ranger training Camp in Region 3

16. A private sawmill on the Lincoln

17. Making picnic tables at CCC camp F-55 near Borracho Ranger Station

18. Montezuma Pass road work undertaken by ECW Camp DF-13-A

19. CCC enrollees place a charge on a Tanque Verde project

20. CCC workers from Camp DF-42-A on the Redington Road Project

21. The men line up at CCC Camp 9-NM

22. A crew from the Sunflower CCC camp on the Tonto National Forest

23. Ashdale Ranger Station on the Tonto National Forest

24. Beaverhead Ranger Station buildings

25. A CCC worker uses an air drill for road work

26. Ranger Bailey prepares a sign on Beaver Creek Ranger District

27. Ranger Bailey installs his sign

28. Rangers harvesting hay at the Cave Creek Ranger Station, Chiricahua NF

29. Lake Marvin near Canadian, Texas

30. Lake Marvin, shortly after construction

31. Sand drift on the Harold Murdock farmstead

32. Sand drifts against a barn near Liberal, Kansas

33. A mountain telephone packed for transportation

34. Early days horse work on the Apache National Forest

35. Forest Supervisor's office in Tres Piedras

36. Ranger meeting at Douglas Arizona in 1908

37. Field camp on the Huachuca National Forest

38. Ranger Dolph Slosser, Sitgreaves National Forest

Last Updated: 15-Feb-2011