National Park Service
Friars, Soldiers and Reformers



List of Illustrations




1. Jesuit Foundations

2. Gray Robes for Black, 1767-68

3. The Archreformer Backs Down, 1768-72

4. Tumacácori or Troy?, 1772-74

5. The Course of Empire, 1774-76

6. The Promise and Default of the Provincias Internas, 1776-81

7. The Challenge of a Reforming Bishop, 1781-95

8. A Quarrel Among Friars, 1795-1808

9. "Corruption Has Come Among Us," 1808-20

10. A Trampled Guarantee, 1820-28

11. Hanging On, 1828-56



Index (omitted from the online edition)

List of Illustrations

1. Departure of Anza's Second California Expedition
2. Eusebio Francisco Kino, S.J.
3. The Jesuit Northwest: Kino's 1710 Map
4. Map: The Arizona-Sonora Frontier
5. José de Gálvez
6. The Colegio de la Santa Cruz de Querétaro
7. Gil's Travel Order, Madrid, 1762
8. Fray Juan Crisóstomo Gil de Bernabé
9. Wreck of a Spanish Frigate Off Yucatan
10. Map: The Upper Santa Cruz Valley
11. Valley Leading to Santa Cruz, Sonora
12. Joseph de Urrutia's Plan of Tubac in 1766
13. A Page From the Guevavi Book of Burials
14. Morata del Conde, Birthplace of Fray Francisco Garcés
15. A Piman Woman
16. A Seri Youth
17. The Tubac Troop, 1775
18. Uniforms, Weapons, and Horse Gear, Tubac
19. Service Record of Ensign Juan Felipe Belderrain
20. Presidial Lance Points
21. A Soldado de Cuera
22. El Caballero de Croix
23. Juan Bautista de Anza
24. Arizpe in the Late Eighteenth Century
25. A Group of Yuma Indians
26. Fray Francisco Garcés and Fray Juan Antonio Barreneche, Martyrs
27. Fray Antonio de los Reyes, First Bishop of Sonora
28. Bishop Joseph Joaquín Granados
29. San Xavier del Bac, by H. M. T. Powell, 1849
30. Fray Diego de Bringas' 1795 Map
31. Bishop Francisco Rouset
32. La Purísima Concepción de Caborca
33. Map: The Tumacácori Grant, 1807
34. Cocomaricopa Village
35. Cocóspera
36. Brand Registration for Ignacio Antonio Pacheco of Tubac
37. Bishop Bernardo del Espíritu Santo
38. Father Liberós Collects a Debt, 1823
39. Tumacácori Church: Floor Plan
40. Arivaca
41. Babocómari Ranch
42. Captain Romero and Father Caballero Leave Tucson for California, 1823
43. Baskets and Pottery of the Pimas and Cocomaricopas
44. Mass at Tumacácori, 1820s
45. Fronteras, Sonora
46. Tubac and the Santa Rita Mountains
47. Bishop Lázaro de la Garza
48. Monthly Post Returns, Tubac, November 1843
49. Ruins of the Mission of Tumacácori
50. Route of Major Graham's Command
51. An Arrastra
52. Tumacácori, by H. M. T. Powell, 1849
53. Fort Yuma
54. Calabazas
55. The Prefect of Magdalena
56. Tumacácori in 1889

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Kessell, John L.
Friars, Soldiers, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier 1767-1856.
Bibliography: p.
Includes index.
Copyright © 1976
The Arizona Board of Regents
All Rights Reserved
I.S.B.N. 0-8165-0547-0 cloth
I.S.B.N. 0-8165-0487-3 PAPER
L.C. No. 75-19867

Friars, Soldiers, and Reformers: Hispanic Arizona and the Sonora Mission Frontier, 1767-1856 by John L. Kessell © 1976 John L. Kessell. Reprinted by permission of the University of Arizona Press. This Selection is protected from unauthorized downloading and use.

painting of Anza

Cal N. Peters painting: Departure of Anza's second California expedition, Tubac, October 1775. Tumacacori National Monument (courtesy National Park Service)

About the Author...
JOHN L. KESSELL, free-lance researcher and writer of Southwestern history, contributor to scholarly journals, and author of the book Mission of Sorrows: Jesuit Guevavi and the Pimas, 1691-1767 (UA Press, 1970), earned his Ph.D. at the University of New Mexico, where he subsequently taught. In addition he has been a historian for the National Park Service and has served as assistant editor of the New Mexico Historical Review. In 1973 he received the Western Historical Quarterly's first Herbert E. Bolton Award.

Kieran McCarty

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